congenital heart disease

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congenital heart disease,

any defect in the heartheart,
muscular organ that pumps blood to all parts of the body. The rhythmic beating of the heart is a ceaseless activity, lasting from before birth to the end of life. Anatomy and Function

The human heart is a pear-shaped structure about the size of a fist.
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 present at birth. There is evidence that some congenital heart defects are inherited, but the cause of most cases is unknown. One known cause is infection of the mother with the rubellarubella
or German measles,
acute infectious disease of children and young adults. It is caused by a filterable virus that is spread by droplet spray from the respiratory tract of an infected individual.
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 (German measles) virus during the first trimester of pregnancy. Among the most common congenital heart disorders are malformations in the valves and the persistence of structures that are normally closed off at birth, i.e., the ductus arteriosis (the fetal blood vessel that shunts blood from the pulmonary vein to the aorta, bypassing the heart) and the foramen ovale (the opening between the left and right atria of the fetal heart). If the malformation is severe, it will produce various symptoms of insufficient heart function, such as cyanosis (a bluish tinge to the skin), dyspnea (difficulty in breathing), fatigue, and abnormal heartbeat; valvular deformities predispose the patient to bacterial infection of the endocardium (see endocarditisendocarditis
, bacterial or fungal infection of the endocardium (inner lining of the heart) that can be either acute or subacute. In the acute form the symptoms (fever, malaise, fatigue, weight loss, anemia) are directly related to the presence of an active infection that runs
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). Less severe malformations may not produce noticeable symptoms until later in life, and some may not require any medical attention. Many congenital heart defects that are debilitating can be corrected surgically. Other congenital anomalies, such as Down syndromeDown syndrome,
congenital disorder characterized by mild to severe mental retardation, slow physical development, and characteristic physical features. Down syndrome affects about 1 in every 730 live births and occurs in all populations equally.
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, are present in about 20% of cases of congenital heart disease. See also heart diseaseheart disease,
any of several abnormalities of the heart and its function in maintaining blood circulation. Heart disease is the cause of approximately half the deaths in the United States each year.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Congenital Heart disease statistics 2003, British Heart Foundation Health Promotion Research Group, Department of Public Health, University of Oxford.
The group is open to patients, caregivers and loved ones who have been affected by congenital heart disease -- like Ashley Ruud of South Elgin, whose daughter was born with complex congenital heart disease.
Conclusion: Congenital heart disease was present in only 13.61% of the referred newborns with suspected CHD.
The trust is only one of two NHS organisations that provide children's heart transplant surgery in the UK, and the only one in the country to offer transplant surgery to both adults and children with congenital heart disease.
He said Nabadat concluded its visit to Egypt in collaboration with the DHA's medical team who conducted open-heart surgery and catheterisation for children aged three to 14 years to treat their congenital heart diseases.
Pathophysiology in congenital heart disease can lead to long-term changes in kidney structure and function children with congenital heart disease have a number of risk factors for potential development of CKD later in life, including pathophysiological changes related to a structurally abnormal heart and circulation.
Twenty children with congenital heart diseases have been given a new lease of life after 19 medical staff from Evelina London Children Hospital performed free heart repairs.
Around 50 children with congenital heart disease are sent abroad for surgery each year while 30 more are treated in Cyprus by overseas doctors, parents said on Monday.
Shahmeer Khan, born with Tetralogy of Fallot, a rare and complex congenital heart defect in which he had a combination of four heart defects, is among the growing ranks of surviving children born with congenital heart disease (CHD).
'This target will not be met without addressing congenital heart disease, and we need to assist CHD patients who cannot afford this care' said Dr Muneer Amanullah, an associate professor of cardiothoracic surgery.
20 million to The Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH) for treatment of at least 40 children from humble background who are born with Congenital Heart Disease (CHD).

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