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see thyroid glandthyroid gland,
endocrine gland, situated in the neck, that secretes hormones necessary for growth and proper metabolism. It consists of two lobes connected by a narrow segment called the isthmus. The lobes lie on either side of the trachea, the isthmus in front of it.
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decreased functioning of the thyroid gland. Hypothyroidism is a mild form of myxedema. Its basic symptoms are fatigue, slowing down of physical and mental activity, somnolence, sluggishness, decreased memory, sensitivity to cold, puffiness of the face, edematous eyelids, dryness of skin, loss of hair, constipation, and lowered basal metabolism. The treatment for hypothyroidism is hormone therapy.


Condition caused by deficient secretion of the thyroid hormone.
References in periodicals archive ?
Audit of neonatal screening programme for phenylketonuria and congenital hypothyroidism.
Additionally, while measurement of free T4 is more common, some states use TSH as the required newborn screening assay to evaluate for congenital hypothyroidism.
The screening costs were calculated as the total savings from the single screen for classic galactosaemia and congenital hypothyroidism, respectively, versus the dual testing using the same Guthrie card and analysing equipment.
Primary congenital hypothyroidism, newborn thyroid function, and environmental perchlorate exposure among residents of a southern California community.
A severe defect will lead to neonatal or congenital hypothyroidism, goiter, mental retardation, and growth abnormalities (cretinism).
Neuropsychological development in a child with eady-treated congenital hypothyroidism as compared with her unaffected identical twin.
The clinical observation, mainly starting from early 70s, of a growing number of patients with mental retardation and other disabilities caused by congenital hypothyroidism and hereditary metabolic diseases that could have been prevented in many cases with an early diagnosis and opportune treatment, led us to the decision to implement a systematically massive neonatal screening for these diseases.
In Brazil (170 million persons and approximately 2,400,000 newborns/year), the prevalence of infectious diseases is higher than phenylketonuria (1 in 13,000) and congenital hypothyroidism (1 in 3,500).
The researchers distributed questionnaires to the families of 105 children diagnosed with congenital hypothyroidism and phenyl ketonuria, both curable with medication.
She was born with congenital hypothyroidism and has been on thyroid hormone replacement medication since she was approximately 16 days old.

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