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see thyroid glandthyroid gland,
endocrine gland, situated in the neck, that secretes hormones necessary for growth and proper metabolism. It consists of two lobes connected by a narrow segment called the isthmus. The lobes lie on either side of the trachea, the isthmus in front of it.
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decreased functioning of the thyroid gland. Hypothyroidism is a mild form of myxedema. Its basic symptoms are fatigue, slowing down of physical and mental activity, somnolence, sluggishness, decreased memory, sensitivity to cold, puffiness of the face, edematous eyelids, dryness of skin, loss of hair, constipation, and lowered basal metabolism. The treatment for hypothyroidism is hormone therapy.


Condition caused by deficient secretion of the thyroid hormone.
References in periodicals archive ?
Newborns are screened for diseases including Glucose 6 Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G6PH), cystic fibrosis, biotinidase, thalassaemia, sickle cell disease, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, congenital hypothyroidism and phenylketonuria.
Mangano and Sherman view congenital hypothyroidism as one of many possible health effects from the Fukushima meltdown that need to be investigated long term.
As can be seen, some conditions, such as phenylketonuria (PKU) and congenital hypothyroidism, are targeted in every province.
The Montana State Lab receives these blood spot cards and takes enough from the card to test for phenylketonuria, galactosemia, hemoglobinopathies, and congenital hypothyroidism.
The blood sample is used to test for some or all of these disorders - phenylketonuria, congenital hypothyroidism, cystic fibrosis, MCAD deficiency and sickle cell disease.
They discuss such aspects as the ontogenesis and anatomy of the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis, pediatric aspects of thyroid function and iodine, congenital hypothyroidism, resistance to thyroid hormone in childhood, differentiated thyroid carcinoma in pediatric age, and thyroid and trace elements in children and adolescents.
4] has been demonstrated in babies with congenital hypothyroidism who appear normal at birth because of ample maternal hormone during gestation (Vulsma et al.
This has been highly effective in the prevention of congenital hypothyroidism, congenital rubella, measles encephalitis, and phenylketonuria to name a few.
Neonatal screening and treatment for congenital hypothyroidism are highly cost-effective in developed countries, but effectiveness may be reduced in places where only a part of the newborn population can be reached by screening.
The prevalence of this disease is 1 in 30,000 to 50,000 live births, and it is the second most common cause (10 to 15%) of permanent congenital hypothyroidism.

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