Scoliosis

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Related to Congenital scoliosis: Idiopathic scoliosis

scoliosis

[‚skō·lē′ō·səs]
(medicine)
Lateral curvature of the spine.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Scoliosis

 

a lateral deviation of the spine in man. Scoliosis develops during the period of rapid growth of the spine, between the ages of five and 15; it is three to six times more common in girls. The deviation may be to the left or to the right. Scoliosis generally occurs in the thoracic segment of the spine. It may subsequently also affect the lumbar segment, causing S-shaped scoliosis. If scoliosis is pronounced, the pelvis becomes misaligned, the gait is abnormal, and lung and heart functions are impaired. Scoliosis combined with kyphosis is called kyphoscoliosis.

Scoliosis may be congenital, caused by abnormal embryonic development, or acquired. Acquired scoliosis may develop from rickets, injuries (usually after a spinal fracture in the lumbar segment), paralysis (for example, during poliomyelitis), or reflex pain (for example, if the sciatic nerve becomes inflamed, resulting in the reflex strain of spinal muscles). Children who do not sit properly at their school desks are often afflicted with scoliosis; this type of scoliosis is usually accompanied by rachitic scoliosis.

Preventive measures are based on eliminating the main causes of the disease. Health standards should be observed in designing children’s furniture, and children should be taught to sit properly at a desk or table. Therapy includes swimming and exercise. Those with pronounced scoliosis can wear special corrective corsets or have surgical treatment.

REFERENCES

Movshovich, 1. A. Skolioz. Moscow, 1964.
Liandres, Z. A., and L. K. Zakrevskii. Operativnoe lechente skoliozov u detei. Leningrad, 1967. (Contains bibliography.)

V. F. POZHARISKII

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
As for congenital scoliosis, TBX6 deletion associated with high-risk alleles was reported in 2015, which was exerted a huge impact at home and abroad.[16]
Denis, "Excision of hemivertebrae and wedge resection in the treatment of congenital scoliosis," The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, vol.
Congenital scoliosis due to hemivertebra is more likely to show rapid progression at a younger age than juvenile idiopathic scoliosis and a referral for a surgical opinion at an early age is necessary.
Almost 20% of patients with congenital scoliosis develop the neurological deficits [6,17].
A mechanism for gene environment interaction in the etiology of congenital scoliosis. Cell 149(2):295-306 (2012); http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.
Prof Dunwoodie asserted that the findings implied that women could now be tested for a genetic predisposition to congenital scoliosis, and also modify their lifestyle during pregnancy, especially if there is a family history of birth defects.
In congenital scoliosis, the bones in the spine are imperfectly formed and the abnormalities have been present since birth.
It is thought the young mammal was born with congenital scoliosis - genetic curvature of the spine - and has managed to live in the wild because it is still suckling from its mother.
TITANIUM SCOLIOSIS Tx A novel titanium "rib" that corrects chest wall deformities has been implanted in two children with congenital scoliosis at the University of Utah, Salt Lake City, by Dr.
Dennis Ogelia, the patient's treating physician, admitted the patient to the hospital for treatment of congenital scoliosis. The next day, the patient underwent a posterior spinal fusion during which she received four units of blood.
Ninety percent of idiopathic or congenital scoliosis appears in girls.
One-stage posterior osteotomy with short segmental fusion and dual growing rod technique for severe rigid congenital scoliosis: The preliminary clinical outcomes of a hybrid technique.

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