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one of the movements within Calvinism that arose in England in the second half of the 16th century as a radical faction in Puritanism. The most eminent of the founders was R. Brown (hence, Brownists, the other name for Congregationalists). During the English bourgeois revolution of the 17th century the group acted as a political party. The Congregationalists found their second homeland in the English colonies of North America.

Each Congregationalist congregation is autonomous, considers Christ at its head, and determines for itself its form of worship and creed, selects its leaders and a pastor, accepts and expels members, and does not acknowledge subordination to a presbytery, as do the Presbyterians. However, each Congregationalist congregation “covenants” its religious beliefs and worship with other Congregationalist congregations. In practice, Congregationalists are orthodox Calvinist Protestants who follow the Savoy Confession (1658, London), formed according to the example of the Calvinist Presbyterian Westminister Confession, but replacing the Presbyterian church organization with the Congregationalist organization.

Congregationalist congregations are found mainly in English-speaking countries and have approximately 2 million members. The International Congregational Council was founded in 1891, with its center in London. Congregationalists are active in the ecumenical movement.


References in periodicals archive ?
At 6 p.m., the Congregational Church will open for carol singing and the reading of the names honored by the Lights of Love.
Duane Angel, the Pastoral Care minister at First Congregational Church of Akron with the support of Dr.
Saturday, April 13, at the Congregational Church of Algonquin, 109 Washington St.
In lieu of flowers, the family suggests that memorial donations be made to the First Congregational Church, 34 Walnut St., Clinton, MA 01510, or to the Sterling Village Activities Fund, 18 Dana Hill Road, Sterling, MA 01564.
Proceeds benefit the First Congregational Church of Rutland's Angel Tree and the Rutland Food Pantry.
At First Congregational church Ramirez will play selections from Bach, the French composer Jehan Alain, Samuel Barber Maurice Darufl and his own composition, iViva Viva Jess Mi Amor!
The Music Ministry and Chancel Choir, adult vocal choir, of First Congregational Church of Dundee are offering Super Bowl Sunday hoagie sandwiches for sale as a fundraiser.
Memorial donations may be made in her memory to the First Congregational Church of West Boylston, 26 Central St., West Boylston, 01583.
Join Ivanhoe Congregational Church for a presentation to better understand the risk factors and learn about easy lifestyle changes that can help prevent this disease.
Gross was a member of the First Congregational Church of Holden, sang in its choir, played in its handbell choir, and was a past member of the local Sweet Adelines Barbershop Harmony chapter.
First Congregational Church of Dundee, "The Church on the Hill," to hold hoagie sandwich sale, Dundee Scots' "secret" recipe
She was a member of the First Congregational Church of Boylston, the Boylston Fire Department/EMS, the Women's Auxiliary to the Boylston Fire Department, the Boylston Lioness Club, the Boylston Grange and was chairwoman of the Boylston Bicentennial Committee.

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