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one of the movements within Calvinism that arose in England in the second half of the 16th century as a radical faction in Puritanism. The most eminent of the founders was R. Brown (hence, Brownists, the other name for Congregationalists). During the English bourgeois revolution of the 17th century the group acted as a political party. The Congregationalists found their second homeland in the English colonies of North America.

Each Congregationalist congregation is autonomous, considers Christ at its head, and determines for itself its form of worship and creed, selects its leaders and a pastor, accepts and expels members, and does not acknowledge subordination to a presbytery, as do the Presbyterians. However, each Congregationalist congregation “covenants” its religious beliefs and worship with other Congregationalist congregations. In practice, Congregationalists are orthodox Calvinist Protestants who follow the Savoy Confession (1658, London), formed according to the example of the Calvinist Presbyterian Westminister Confession, but replacing the Presbyterian church organization with the Congregationalist organization.

Congregationalist congregations are found mainly in English-speaking countries and have approximately 2 million members. The International Congregational Council was founded in 1891, with its center in London. Congregationalists are active in the ecumenical movement.


References in periodicals archive ?
Even though, admittedly, the Good Gray Poet was descended from Quakers and not Kittelstrom's Congregationalists, he still bore the full influence of Transcendentalism.
Although it retained a sizable majority, the Congregationalist establishment was increasingly threatened by an exodus of such dissenters, a situation only exacerbated when dozens of Separate congregations entirely jettisoned infant baptism, a sacrament that they deemed an unscriptural relic of the Church of Rome.
A recent book brings to the attention of the public the history of this remarkable institution, which defied the apartheid laws for three decades, pioneered new ways of doing theology, and trained several generations of Anglican, Methodist, Presbyterian, and Congregationalist ministers in an ecumenical spirit.
At the opposite end of the spectrum of religious opinion from ardent conformists, response to presbyterian arguments helped shape the congregationalist ideas of Henry Jacob and others.
Only when the Congregationalists and Methodists came together in the 1960s to form the United Reform Church was the Stoneway Chapel finally deemed surplus to requirements.
The simply titled "Hymn" successfully emulates, in sentiment and structure, Isaac Watts's hymns, still being sung in Congregationalist circles.
Congregationalists were (and, through the early nineteenth century, remained) the most populous denomination.
13) Some have taken Barrett's remark "I used to go with my father always, when I was able, to the nearest dissenting chapel of the congregationalists" (BC, 11:10) as referring to her girlhood attending of a Congregationalist chapel.
The Society of Friends (Quakers) built their first Meeting House in 1663, the Baptists were established by 1737, the Congregationalists by 1747, and the first Methodist Chapel was built in 1782.
Within Christianity, there were profound differences between Protestants and Catholics, and among the Protestant denominations: Lutherans, Anglicans, Congregationalists, Quakers, Baptists, and the many others that emerged.
These joined the Presbyterian Church of England on its formation in 1876, which itself joined the majority of Congregationalists in England and Wales to form the United Reform Church in 1972.
examines how even the most rigid Congregationalists could dip into poetry now and again, as evidenced by the brisk sales of Wigglesworth's The Day of Doom, which contained such a definite conflict between content and meter that it became safe.

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