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1. a group of persons gathered for worship, prayer, etc., esp in a church or chapel
2. the group of persons habitually attending a given church, chapel, etc.
3. RC Church
a. a society of persons who follow a common rule of life but who are bound only by simple vows
b. an administrative subdivision of the papal curia
c. an administrative committee of bishops for arranging the business of a general council
4. Chiefly Brit an assembly of senior members of a university



in Catholicism. (1) A religious organization linked directly with monastic orders, consisting of priests and laymen. Some monastic orders have a large number of congregations—for example, the Benedictine order in the 1960’s with 20 male and 16 female congregations. Each congregation has its own regulations, which are approved by the pope or bishops. The members of a congregation do not take solemn vows, as do the members of monastic orders, but rather simple vows, for a specific period of time or for life. The goals of a congregation are nominally purely religious or religious and philanthropic; in fact, however, the congregations are involved in the political plans of the Catholic Church. Congregations first appeared around 1600 and became widespread in the 19th century.

The most important congregations of the late 1960’s were the Congregation of the Holy Ghost (founded in 1703, with headquarters in Paris; 5,150 members), the Redemptorists (founded in 1732, with headquarters in Naples; more than 9,000 members), the Oblates of the Immaculate Virgin Mary (founded in 1816, with its center in Aix-en-Provence; 7,900 members), the Marists (founded in 1817, with its center in Bordeaux; about 3,500 members), and the Salesians (founded in 1859, with its center in Turin; 22,600 members).

(2) A union of several monasteries under a single leadership.

(3) An establishment forming part of the Roman papal curia.


References in periodicals archive ?
The authors of the book also give a valuable model for others to follow in writing the history of local congregations.
RETIREMENT flats are likely to be built on the site of Newcastle's largest synagogue after a dwindling congregation sparked downsizing plans.
Big Eid congregations were held at open places, mosques and Eidgahs in all major cities, towns and villages across the country, reported PTV News.
An examination of congregational histories reveals, however, that at the local level amalgamating congregations could be disruptive to faith communities.
Over the years, I have had the privilege of serving as a pastor in three congregations within the Presbyterian Church in Canada.
Congregations interested in growing weekly attendance would do well to make a plan for recruiting new members, becoming multiracial and making sure serious conflict doesn't take root.
The replies received were studied by the two Congregations and a report made to the Holy Father.
La Crescenta Presbyterian Church opened its doors to congregations from Christian Life Church and Christ Armenian Church, which had worshipped at the Christian Life Church at 3013 Montrose Ave.
The National Church Council (NCC) of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada (ELCIC) has told its Eastern Synod that it cannot allow individual congregations to decide whether same-sex unions may be blessed in their parishes.
People of the Dream: Multiracial Congregations in the United States.
Our attention here is not on congregations or synods where trust is already severely broken, where conflict has become bitter and deeply disruptive, or where antagonists have organized against the leadership.
Members of California's congressional delegation demanded $10 million to repair mission churches throughout the state--even though nineteen of those twenty-one churches still have congregations.

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