Phycomycosis

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Phycomycosis

 

an infectious disease of farm animals (mainly the young), as well as mink and fish, caused by pathogenic fungi of the family Mucoraceae. The disease also affects humans. Infection takes place through the respiratory organs, the alimentary canal, injured skin, or mucous membranes, in which nodules of tissue (granulomas) and suppurative ulcers form. The disease affects the viscera, mainly the intestine and lungs, the skin of the extremities and head, and the mucous membranes of the nose and its accessory sinuses. Depending on the site of infection, animals may suffer from diarrhea, exhaustion, swelling of the subcutaneous lymph nodes, ulceration of the skin and nasal septum, and miscarriage.

An effective means of treating phycomycosis has not been developed. Prevention mainly includes the observance of sanitary conditions in housing and feeding animals. Supervising the quality of feed is especially important.

REFERENCES

Spesivtseva, N. A. Mikozy i mikotoksikozy, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1964.
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, conidiobolomycosis was responsible for significant renal injury, which was probably secondary to the underlying inflammatory processes which occurred in these animals.
Thus, evaluation of CSF should be recommended for determining CNS involvement in conidiobolomycosis. It is worth emphasizing the importance of not allowing blood contamination of the CSF because such a mistake could change the composition of the CSF, especially the protein concentration and cellularity (DOYLE & SOLANO-GALLEGO, 2009).
Therefore, this is the first report of conidiobolomycosis in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Northeastern Brazil.