Conium


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Conium

 

a genus of plants of the family Umbelliferae. Coniums are biennial herbs with bare, branching stalks and threefold (sometimes fourfold) pinnate leaves. Their blossoms are small and white and are gathered into compound umbels. There are four species, all wild, in Europe, Asia, and Africa. In the USSR there is one species, spotted conium (C. maculatum). Its stalk is 60 to 180 cm in height, with reddish-brown spots on the lower part. It is widespread in the European USSR (including the Caucasus), Western Siberia, and Middle Asia, in deserts, near dwellings, along roads and fences, along river banks, and in the mountains up to the intermediate zone. The whole conium plant is poisonous. (It contains the alkaloid coniine.) There are recorded instances of mass poisoning of cattle by this plant.

REFERENCE

Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Alpinar, "Acute respiratory arrest following hemlock (Conium maculatum) intoxication [1]," Journal of Toxicology - Clinical Toxicology, vol.
This study was prompted by initial field investigations related to the presence of Conium maculatum (hereafter, Conium) in Cook County.
(ortiga negra), Chenopodium quinoa Willd (quinoa), cardo, poleo, Matricadia chamomilla (manzanilla), Conium maculata (cicuta), Chenopodium ambrosoides L.
Un ddamcaniaeth am yr ofergoel ydi fod blodau'r cegid (Conium maculatum; hemlock) yn ddigon tebyg i'r rhain, ac fod pobl ofn i blant wneud camgymeriad rhwng y ddau blanhigyn.
(20), in a prescription pharmacy and consisted of Phytolacca decandra CH 12, Lachesis CH 12, Belladona CH 12, Phosphorus CH 30, Bryonia dioica CH 12, Conium maculatum CH 12, Apis mellifica CH 30, Mercurius solubilis CH 12, and Pyrogenium CH 6.
Conium maculatum L., H, Plur, 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15.
There have also been fatalities among children who use hollow hemlock stems (Conium maculatum) as blowpipes.