Connétable

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Connétable

 

(French, from Late Latin comes stabule, chief of the stable), one of the highest officials of the French monarchy.

In the Frankish state the connétable was originally a court servant. Under the Capetians the role of the connétable grew, and he became one of the five highest officials of the realm. Following the example of the kings, the large feudal lords also had their own connétables. After the post of seneschal was virtually eliminated in 1191, his functions were gradually transferred to the connétable. The connétable was the military counselor of the king and, in the king’s absence, chief of the royal knights. At the end of the 14th century the connétable became the only commander in chief of the army and as such was also the head of the tribunal (connétablie) that tried military men. The growing authority of the connétable began to pose a threat to royal authority. The post was unfilled from 1567 to 1593 and was abolished in 1627 by Richelieu. The title “grand connétable” was established by Napoleon I in 1804 for his brother Louis; in 1807, Napoleon conferred the title “vice connétable” on Marshal Berthier. During the restoration these titles were abolished.

References in periodicals archive ?
I might wrap up the Henderson hotpots We Have a Dream, Clamintakinforgan and Mr Whipped in a trixie, while having a few quid on Cousin Oscar (12.50) and Connetable (3.10).
The latter was rescued by the soldier Fremin, a "gendarme" who was part of the company of the Connetable [i.e., Montmorency, constable, who led the armed expedition (4.5.81, 84)].
Textes litteraires francais, Recueil Inedit, offert au connetable de Montmorency an Mars 1538.
Sources: Lefranc, A., Olivier de Clisson, connetable de France.
Mullins and Nicholls have three entries apiece for the race, with Mullins leaving in Clondaw Warrior, Ivan Grozny and So Young, while Nicholls has All Yours, Connetable and Some Plan.
9-2 Ivanovich Gorbatov, 5 Zubayr, 7 Sceau Royal, 12 Connetable, Fixe Le Kap, Footpad, Let's Dance, Who Dares Wins, 16 Apple's Jade, Clan Des Obeaux, 20 bar.
"I could end up running four in the Triumph (Connetable, Frodon, Tommy Silver, Clan Des Obeaux) and I don't think there is a lot between them."
Nicky Henderson's gelding raced awkwardly for Daryl Jacob and could only manage third in the end behind Connetable (15-2).
Dans l'espoir de retablir la paix entre les deux monarques, elle compte unir Francois a Eleonore, soeur de Charles Quint, veuve du roi du Portugal, qui a ete promise contre son gre au connetable de Bourbon.
Sources: Dufuyard, C., Le connetable de Lesdiguieres.
Paul Nicholls is very good at getting young stock into the yard and will have five representatives - Clan Des Obeaux, Connetable, Frodon, Tommy Silver and Zubayr.