Constantin Brancusi


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Brancusi, Constantin

(bränkyo͞o`zē, Rom. brän`ko͞osh), 1876–1957, Romanian sculptor. Brancusi is considered one of the foremost of modern artists. In 1904 he went to Paris, where he worked under Mercié. He declined Rodin's invitation to work in his studio. Because of his radical, economic style, his abstract sculptures, The Kiss (1908), Sleeping Muse (1910), and the portrait of Mlle Pogany (1923; Musée d'Art moderne, Paris) were the subjects of much controversy. He altered his technique from modeling to carving c.1910. In 1927 Brancusi won a lawsuit against the U.S. customs authorities who attempted to value his sculpture as raw metal. The suit led to legal changes permitting the importation of abstract art free of duty. Brancusi's work is notable for its extreme simplification of form, its organic and frequently symbolic character, and its consummate craftsmanship. He had a profound understanding of materials, working primarily in metal, stone, and wood. Bird in Space (1919; Mus. of Modern Art, New York City) is a characteristic work. Others are in the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York City, and in the museums of Chicago, Cleveland, and Philadelphia.

Bibliography

See catalogs by S. Geist (1969, 1975); biographies by I. Jianu (1963), R. Varia (1986), and E. Shanes (1989); studies by S. Geist (1968) and A. T. Spear (1969).

Brancuşi, Constantin

 

(Rumanian, C. Brâncusj, or Brîncuşi; French, C. Brancusi). Born Feb. 21, 1876, in the village of Khobitsa, in Oltenia; died Mar. 16, 1957, in Paris. Rumanian sculptor.

Brancuşi studied in fine arts schools in Bucharest (1898-1902) and Paris (1904-07). Most of his life he worked in Paris. He made use of the expressiveness of flowing stylized contours, integrated volumes, and the textures of his materials to create simplified symbolic images (for example, The Kiss, in stone, 1908; Prometheus, marble and bronze, 1911; and the Bird in Space series, bronze, 1912-40). With time he increased the laconic nature and geometric abstractness of his forms. In a number of his works he emerges as one of the founders of the abstract principle in European sculpture. In the central industrial memorial complex of architecture and sculpture on the Street of Heroes in the city of Targu-Jiu (1937-38; Endless Column, metal; Table of Silence, stone; and Gate of the Kiss, stone), he achieved a lapidary simplicity of form, utilizing the traditions of Rumanian national art.

REFERENCES

Tsigal’, V. “Konstantin Brankusi.” Tvorchestvo, 1968, no. 8.
Lewis, D. Constantin Brancusi. London, 1957; New York, 1958.
Hăulică, D. Brâncuşi. Bucharest, 1968.
References in periodicals archive ?
The remarkable diversity within Canada's collections assembled at the ROM for the first and only time includes works by such notable artists as Francis Bacon, Constantin Brancusi, Rene Magritte, George Segal, and James Tissot; Canadian artists represented include Lawren Harris, Joe Fafard, and Jeff Wall, among others.
Noguchi started his career as a sculptor in the 1920s while working in the Paris studio of Constantin Brancusi.
Just don't go expecting to see any Constantin Brancusi (right), as that caliber of fine art undoubtedly would be removed from the streets by the nocturnal denizens of Mexico City's grandest avenue.
Not surprisingly, Neuhaus names two giants of twentieth century sculpture who have been important to her development--the Englishman Henry Moore and the Romanian Constantin Brancusi.
The permanent collection galleries on the third floor will be installed with the museum's world-renowned collection of European painting and sculpture from approximately 1900, including the work of Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse, Constantin Brancusi, Wassily Kandinsky, Piet Mondrian, Salvador Dali, and other leading artists.
Looking back on this early episode, the artist now describes the result as having been a kind of demotic Endless Column, citing the presumably inadvertent model of Constantin Brancusi (whose series of works by that name was begun in 1918).
Turnbull's deceptively serene paintings and pared-back sculptures, being celebrated in a major exhibition opening this spring at Chatsworth House, Derbyshire (10 March-30 June), evince a similar preoccupation--after all, this was a man who, as a nascent artist in Paris, once door-knocked Constantin Brancusi.
In addition, the Lazarof gift includes seven bronzes and one painting by Alberto Giacometti; 21 watercolors and paintings by Paul Klee and Wassily Kandinsky; as well as works by Alexander Archipenko, Constantin Brancusi, Georges Braque, Edgar Degas, Lyonel Feininger, Fernand Leger, Henry Moore and Camille Pissarro.
The highest record was for a work by Constantin Brancusi whose "Bird in Space" went under the hammer at USD 24.
My inspiration was the work of the Romanian sculptor Constantin Brancusi, specifically his sculture 'The Kiss'.
It shows how art was influenced by the war and in reaction the continental scene saw artists emerge as diverse as PaulCezanne, Georges Braqueand Constantin Brancusi, producing images of idealised female figures which mimicked the styles of classical and primitive art,'' he says.