Constantine Caramanlis

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Caramanlis, Constantine


(Konstantinos Karaman-lis). Born Feb. 23, 1907, in the city of Proti. Greek statesman and politician.

By training, Caramanlis is a lawyer. In 1935–36 and again in 1946, he was elected to parliament from the Populist (monarchist) Party. Between 1946 and 1955 he occupied a number of ministerial posts. In August 1951 he joined the Greek Rally, the party of the big industrial and financial bourgeoisie. In January 1956 he reorganized the National Rally as the National Radical Union. During the years 1955–58, 1958–61, and 1961–63, Caramanlis was prime minister of Greece. The domestic policy of his government was noted for the suppression of democratic freedoms and the persecution of progressive forces. Under his rule Greece became more dependent economically and politically on the USA and further subordinated to the interests of NATO. Under pressure from the masses, Caramanlis resigned in June 1963 and emigrated to France.

When the military dictatorship collapsed in July 1974, Car-manlis became prime minister in the interim government. InSeptember 1974 he reconstituted the National Radical Union asthe New Democracy Party, with himself as leader of the party.On Nov. 21, 1974, Caramanlis became prime minister of thereorganized Greek government.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The most plausible is that the Greek prime minister, Constantine Karamanlis, told Makarios, in no uncertain terms, that they would have to continue the struggle to unite with Greece on their own because Greece wanted out.
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(Historic footnote: Constantine Karamanlis was sworn in as Greece's Prime Minister by the Archbishop of Athens in July of 1974 when the fascist dictators were finally thrown out.
The military government in Greece collapsed and the former prime minister Constantine Karamanlis was invited to return.
The first is the letter that President Constantine Karamanlis sent to Greek foreign minister on 26 February 1992 asking him to point out the Greek argument that the non-existing Macedonian state is "unsustainable".
If so, he would have to categorise the postwar West Germany of Konrad Adenauer and the Greece of Constantine Karamanlis likewise.
From 1952 to late 1963, Greece was governed by conservative parties--the Greek Rally of Marshal Alexandros Papagos and its successor, the National Radical Union (ERE) of the late Constantine Karamanlis. In 1963, the Center Union Party of George Papandreou was elected and governed until July 1965.
Andreas Papandreou, whose career included a stint teaching at York University in Toronto, died in 1996, and almost exactly two years later, his great rival, Constantine Karamanlis, died in the spring of 1998.
At a news conference by summit participants later, Ecevit referred to the dialogue that had been held in 1978 when the late Constantine Karamanlis was prime minister of Greece.
If the results hold up, Greece's new prime minister will be Mr Costas Karamanlis, nephew of the former prime minister and president Mr Constantine Karamanlis.
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