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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



In ancient Rome:

Constantius I. (Flavius Valerius Constantius Chlorus; the nickname Chlorus means “the pale”). Born 264, in Illyria; died 306, in Eboracum, Britain. Emperor in 305–306.

Constantius I was the father of Constantine the Great. He rose to the position of military leader under Diocletian. In 293 he was named Caesar of the Western Empire. In 305, after the abdication of Diocletian, he received the title Augustus. Constantius I carried out campaigns against Germanic tribes and suppressed rebellion in Britain in 297.

Constantius II. (Flavius Julius Constantius). Born 317, in Sirmium; died 361, in Mopsucrenae, Cilicia. Emperor from 337 to 361 (Caesar from 324, Augustus from 337).

When the empire was divided among the sons of Constantine the Great in 337, Constantius II took Asia and Egypt and, later (339), the Balkan Peninsula. After the death of his brothers (Constantine II in 340 and Constans in 350) and his victory over the usurper Magnentius in 352, Constantius II restored unity to the empire and became the sole ruler (353). He strove to establish the political supremacy of Constantinople over Rome. His palace was noted for great splendor. The bureaucracy with its many spies played a significant role during his reign. He supported Arianism and banished those who upheld the Nicene Creed, including Athanasius of Alexandria. He closed pagan temples, confiscating their property, and forbade the offering of sacrifices. Constantius II died during a campaign against the Persians.

Constantius III. (Flavius Constantius). Died 421. General of Emperor Honorius. In 421 he was co-ruler with Honorius and bore the title Augustus.


Stein, E. Histoire du Bas-Empire, vol. 1. Paris, 1959.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
The destruction of Crispus, a young prince of rare towardness, by Constantinus the Great, his father, was in like manner fatal to his house; for both Constantinus and Constance, his sons, died violent deaths; and Constantius, his other son, did little better; who died indeed of sickness, but after that Julianus had taken arms against him.
IM John Marvin Miciano suffered yet another stinging defeat, falling to Gholami to remain with three points, the same output of reigning national juniors champion Jeth Romy Morado, who drew with Constantius Leonardo Pratama of Indonesia.
In discussions of The History of Constantius and Pulchera (1789-90) and The Female Wanderer (1824), Smith highlights how wandering heroines of the early national period repudiated the figure of the cast-off victim of seduction by leaving home to pursue their true (and unfailingly faithful) loves.
The group includes coins dating to the reign of Emperor Constans or Constantius II (AD 348-50) and Emperors Magnentius and Decentius (AD 350-53).
Among their topics are an emperor for all seasons: Maximian and the transformation of his political representation, Constantine's son Crispus and his image in contemporary panegyrical accounts, the Constantinians' return to the West: Julian's depiction of Constantius II in Oration 1, Valentinian as portrayed by Ammianus: a kaleidoscopic image, and Claudian Stilicho at the urbs: Roman legitimacy for the half-barbarian regent.
He always shows himself to be very ill-equipped at soldiering, a fact or admission that does not elude his cousin, Constantius, who becomes the next Augustus.
Pauli 8,6) Lest this should trouble anyone and incline them to doubt, it was corroborated in the reign of Constantius, with the whole world as witness.
La psicologia que tiene in mente Haufniensis en El concepto de la angustia surge en el seno de una confrontacion entre dos modelos de ciencia que tanto Haufniensis como Constantino Constantius comparten.
Esta multiplicidad de significaciones del termino "gentagelse" es tratada en el breve escrito del autor pseudonimo (10) Constantin Constantius que lleva precisamente el titulo de "La repeticion'.
The Christian Emperor Constantius cruelly enforced the Semi-Arian heresy--that God the Son was of a similar substance (homoiousios) as God the Father--which stood opposed to the Nicene Creed's proclamation that Jesus and God were of the same substance (homoousios).