Constantius II


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Constantius II

Constantius II, 317–61, Roman emperor, son of Constantine I. When the empire was divided (337) at the death of Constantine, Constantius II was given rule over Asia Minor, Syria, and Egypt, while his brothers, Constans I and Constantine II, received other portions. He gained prestige by fighting successfully against the Persians. When in 350 the murder of Constans I threw the West into disorder, Constantius II defeated the usurping Magnentius, a German who had been a commander under Constans I, and became sole emperor. He delegated much power to his cousin Julian (Julian the Apostate) in Gaul. When a new dispute erupted with the Persians, Constantius ordered Julian to the East, but Julian's men revolted and proclaimed (360) Julian emperor in the West. Constantius died in the Persian campaign in Cilicia, naming Julian as his successor. A confirmed Arian, Constantius vigorously repressed paganism and was involved in a struggle with St. Athanasius.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The group includes coins dating to the reign of Emperor Constans or Constantius II (AD 348-50) and Emperors Magnentius and Decentius (AD 350-53).
Among their topics are an emperor for all seasons: Maximian and the transformation of his political representation, Constantine's son Crispus and his image in contemporary panegyrical accounts, the Constantinians' return to the West: Julian's depiction of Constantius II in Oration 1, Valentinian as portrayed by Ammianus: a kaleidoscopic image, and Claudian Stilicho at the urbs: Roman legitimacy for the half-barbarian regent.
This work was first dated to the reign of Constantius II by the famous English scholar and philanthropist, Thomas Tyrwhitt in 1781.
(21) There are strong similarities between Heliodorus' Syene and the narrative of the siege of Nisibis found in Julian's two panegyrics to his senior emperor, Constantius II, composed in the mid to late 350s.
In the year 351 Emperor Constantius II won a victory over his rivals and this was favourable to the anti-Nicene party.
40-41 e ID., The Church in the Reign of Constantius II (337-361).
Julian's predecessor, Constantius II, emperor from 337 to 361 CE, was the bloodiest of them.
The reign of Constantius II (337-361 C.E.) witnessed the confluence of religious concern and political compulsion in the exiling of several high-profile bishops.
In AD 357 his son and successor, the Emperor Constantius II, was able to arrange its transportation to Rome by using a specially built ship.
under the rule of Constantius II, son of Constantine I.
Being exiled to the East (356) by the Arian emperor Constantius II allowed him to acquire full details of the Council of Nicaea (325) and current Greek theology, writing the first three (of twelve) books of his masterpiece, On The Trinity, and so impressively defending orthodoxy at the Council of Seleucia (359) that Constantius, fearing his influence, recalled him in 360.