Constantius II


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Constantius II,

317–61, Roman emperor, son of Constantine IConstantine I
or Constantine the Great
, 288?–337, Roman emperor, b. Naissus (present-day Niš, Serbia). He was the son of Constantius I and Helena and was named in full Flavius Valerius Constantinus.
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. When the empire was divided (337) at the death of Constantine, Constantius II was given rule over Asia Minor, Syria, and Egypt, while his brothers, Constans IConstans I
, b. 320 or 323, d. 350, Roman emperor, youngest son of Constantine I. At his father's death in 337 he received Italy and Africa as well as Pannonia and Dacia, while his brothers, Constantine II and Constantius II, received other portions of the empire.
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 and Constantine IIConstantine II,
316–40, Roman emperor, son of Constantine I. When the empire was divided at the death (337) of Constantine I, among the brothers Constantius II, Constans I, and Constantine II, Constantine II received Britain, Gaul, and Spain.
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, received other portions. He gained prestige by fighting successfully against the Persians. When in 350 the murder of Constans I threw the West into disorder, Constantius II defeated the usurping Magnentius, a German who had been a commander under Constans I, and became sole emperor. He delegated much power to his cousin Julian (Julian the ApostateJulian the Apostate
(Flavius Claudius Julianus), 331?–363, Roman emperor (361–63), nephew of Constantine I; successor of Constantius II. He was given an education that combined Christian and Neoplatonic ideas. He and his half-brother Gallus were sent (c.
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) in Gaul. When a new dispute erupted with the Persians, Constantius ordered Julian to the East, but Julian's men revolted and proclaimed (360) Julian emperor in the West. Constantius died in the Persian campaign in Cilicia, naming Julian as his successor. A confirmed Arian, Constantius vigorously repressed paganism and was involved in a struggle with St. AthanasiusAthanasius, Saint
, c.297–373, patriarch of Alexandria (328–73), Doctor of the Church, great champion of orthodoxy during the Arian crisis of the 4th cent. (see Arianism).
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
Objective: "The reign of the Roman emperor Constantius II (337 361) was instrumental in shaping early models of a united Europe.
Julian's predecessor, Constantius II, emperor from 337 to 361 CE, was the bloodiest of them.
In AD 357 his son and successor, the Emperor Constantius II, was able to arrange its transportation to Rome by using a specially built ship.
Being exiled to the East (356) by the Arian emperor Constantius II allowed him to acquire full details of the Council of Nicaea (325) and current Greek theology, writing the first three (of twelve) books of his masterpiece, On The Trinity, and so impressively defending orthodoxy at the Council of Seleucia (359) that Constantius, fearing his influence, recalled him in 360.
Nevertheless, same-sex unions were a feature of Roman life until 342 CE, when Emperor Constantius II outlawed them, reflecting the growing power of Christianity.
A heretical emperor (depending upon which side one was on) could not ipso facto use his dominion to protect Christian libertas, a point brought home to the Western Christians when the Arianizing emperor Constantius II (337-361) deposed and exiled several prominent Western bishops who opposed him (Hilary of Poitiers, Liberius of Rome, Lucifer of Caligari).
8) In the aftermath of Gallus's death, the emperor Constantius II, who hated brave and energetic men, as Domitian once did (ut Domitianus quondam, Amm.
The Homoian party arose in the turbulent years following the reunification of the Roman Empire by Constantius II.
Among the errors noted: it was Constantius II, not "Constantine" who first removed the Altar of Victory from the Senate in Rome (52); and Constantine the Great was succeeded by three of his sons, not two (160).