Canada Act

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Canada Act,

also called the Constitutional Act of 1982, which made Canada a fully sovereign state. The British Parliament approved it on Mar. 25, 1982, and Queen Elizabeth II proclaimed it on Apr. 17, 1982. When Quebec residents voted (May, 1980) in a referendum not to seek sovereignty, Prime Minister Trudeau moved to create an amended constitution. The final document, agreed upon in Nov., 1981, by the federal government and every province except Quebec, combines the British North America ActBritish North America Act,
law passed by the British Parliament in 1867 that provided for the unification of the Canadian provinces into the dominion of Canada. Until 1982 the act also functioned as the constitution of Canada.
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 of 1867, subsequent amendments to that act by the British Parliament, and new material resulting from 18 months of intense negotiations between federal and provincial powers. It contains a Charter of Rights and Freedoms, which guarantees 34 rights including religious freedom, minority language education, and cultural tolerance. The Charter contains a clause which allows many rights to be overridden in federal or provinical legislatures by a "notwithstanding clause." Other parts of the Act recognize native treaty rights, increase the power provinces have over their natural resources, and provide an amendment formula, which requires approval of two-thirds (seven) of the provinces and 50% of the country's population. Quebec's attempts to oppose the Canada Act ended in Dec., 1982, when its claim to constitutional veto was rejected by the Supreme Court of Canada. Negotiations with Quebec continued with the Meech Lake AccordMeech Lake Accord,
set of constitutional reforms designed to induce Quebec to accept the Canada Act. The Accord's five basic points, proposed by Quebec Premier Robert Bourassa, include a guarantee of Quebec's special status as a "distinct society" and a commitment to Canada's
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, which failed in 1990, and with subsequent federal initiatives.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Constitution Act adopted in 1919 laid the foundation for democracy in Finland, and is a key element of the early stages of our independence.
The National Preventive Group of Ombudsman operates upon the optional protocol of the UN "Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment" and the Constitution Act "On the Ombudsman".
Under 13th Amendment in the Interim Constitution Act, 1974, administrative, financial and constitutional powers of Kashmir Council were handed over to the Azad Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly and government.
The process included the filing of evidence, and both written and oral argument, specifically related to whether the Project forms part of a federal work or undertaking under paragraph 92(10)(a) of the Constitution Act, 1867.
In this short paper, we claim to solve the problem by proposing a new, workable, definition of the Canadian Constitution as supreme law that discards the document list approach of subsection 52(2), Constitution Act 1982, in favour of one that, through subsection 52(3), is based on the constitutional amendment procedure of Part V, which relates to provisions.
He said basic rights and freedom of expression have been protected in the Interim Constitution Act 1974.
In this article, the author highlights some archaic provisions of the Constitution Act, 1867 that could be updated without altering the Senate's fundamental nature.
Azad Jammu and Kashmir: The Azad Jammu and Kashmir Interim Constitution Act, 1974 'Through Act VIII of 1974' people of Azad Kashmir are enjoying their fundamental rights under Interim Constitution till determination of the State of Jammu and Kashmir through plebiscite under auspices of the United Nations.
ISLAMABAD -- Federal Minister for Law and Justice, Senator Farogh Naseem held a meeting with Prime Minister of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Raja Muhammad Farooq Haider Khan and discussed the 3rd Amendment in the AJK Interim Constitution Act, 1974.
ISLAMABAD -- Federal Minister for Law and Justice, Senator Farogh Naseem held a meeting with Prime Minister of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Raja Muhammad Farooq Haider Khan, and other officials from AJK to discuss the 3th Amendment in The AJK Interim Constitution Act, 1974.
What British Columbia is trying to do is a direct attack on federal jurisdiction over the regulation of trade and commerce (section 91-2 of the Constitution Act of 186?).
MUZZAFFARABAD -- Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) President Sardar Masood Khan and Prime Minister Raja Farooq Haider Khan on Saturday held a meeting at the President House to discuss the successful passage of the 13th amendment to the AJK Interim Constitution Act, 1974, which devolves additional legislative, administrative and financial powers to the state government.