Club

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club

1. a stick or bat used to strike the ball in various sports, esp golf
2. short for Indian club
3. a commercial establishment in which people can drink and dance; disco
4. 
a. the black trefoil symbol on a playing card
b. a card with one or more of these symbols or (when pl.) the suit of cards so marked
5. Nautical a spar used for extending the clew of a gaff topsail beyond the peak of the gaff
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Club

 

a social organization bringing a group of people together on a voluntary basis for the purpose of exchanging ideas on political, scientific, artistic, or sports subjects among others, as well as for relaxation and pleasure; it is financed by dues paid by the members.

Clubs first appeared in England in the 16th century. At the beginning of the 17th century Friday Street, one of the oldest English clubs, was founded, with Shakespeare as one of its members. Later political clubs appeared in England. Many of them became centers in which opposition and revolutionary elements met, prompting Charles II to issue an edict in 1675 banning clubs. However, they continued to exist. In the 18th century literary clubs emerged, followed by sports, yachting, and other kinds of clubs. In France political clubs developed on a large scale during the Great French Revolution (the Jacobin Club). They became widespread in the USA during the second half of the 18th century. The Hoboken Turtle, organized in 1797, still exists. The Metropolitan, a millionaires’ club, was founded in New York in 1891. Later other clubs of the financial oligarchy were organized (Links, Knickerbocker, and others) to make big financial deals and conduct behind-the-scenes political negotiations. In many US cities there are numerous political clubs for supporters of the Republican and Democratic parties.

In Great Britain and the USA there are women’s clubs whose activity is connected with the women’s liberation movement. The General Confederation of Women’s Clubs was created in 1889 in the USA. In several countries there are workers’ clubs, the majority of which are organized through the trade unions; there are also church clubs that bring religious workers together.

In Russia the first club (the English Club) was opened in 1770 in St. Petersburg. It was popular among the upper strata of society and in literary circles; its members included N. M. Karamzin, A. S. Pushkin, V. A. Zhukovskii, and I. A. Krylov. Later the English Club was organized in Moscow as well. By the turn of the 19th century there were gentry clubs (gentry assemblies and “noble” assemblies) in all the provincial centers and in many of the chief district towns of Russia; membership in these clubs was restricted. The officers’ clubs (officers’ assemblies) were of the same closed character. In the 1860’s clubs for merchants and salesmen began to emerge; card-playing, billiards, and other games prevailed, and they hardly differed at all from gambling houses.

Workers’ clubs arose in Russia during the Revolution of 1905–07, but they were closed down with the onset of reaction. Legally there were only the houses for popular reading and people’s houses created by liberal-bourgeois organizations.


Club

 

an ancient striking or throwing weapon that appeared in the Paleolithic period. Clubs were made of solid, heavy wood. Later a stone head was added, and in the Bronze Age a metal head replaced the stone one. Clubs are still used by some primitive tribes of Africa, South America, and Oceania. Among some peoples the club was modified from a striking into a piercing weapon (for example, the Bushman kirry). The boomerang developed from the throwing club.

The club was the simplest hand weapon of the ancient Russian warrior; it had a thick end, usually bound with iron or barbed with large iron nails and spikes. The mace and the shestoper were derived from the club.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

What does it mean when you dream about a club?

If used as a weapon either by or against the dreamer, feelings of either aggression or submission could be at issue. If the dream is of the other type of club (a social organization), chances are the dreamer is aspiring to acquire social, economic, or cultural identity.

The Dream Encyclopedia, Second Edition © 2009 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
To proceed with the new constitution and bylaws and continuance under the legislation, we must make changes to the current constitution and bylaws at the September Annual General Meeting that clearly define the criteria for "members" of the association.
Section 2, Committees The terms of office of all committee chairmen and members of Committees of the Association except as otherwise provided in these Constitution and Bylaws shall be determined by the President and may be terminated at any time by the President.
Q: Why are the Constitution and Bylaws being revised?
National Rehabilitation Association Constitution and Bylaws; as Amended, 1992.
In addition, a number of other changes have been made to update present financial practices and incorporate appropriate editorial corrections in the Constitution and Bylaws. Copies of the present and proposed Constitution and Bylaws will be mailed with the ballot for members' review.
This amendment would make the submission time for amendments to the Constitution and Bylaws proposed by a majority vote of the Board of Directors the time when the amendments are approved by the Board, rather than the time when the proposed amendments are received in written form by the CCBR.
As already implied, NASPPR is governed by a Constitution and Bylaws and each state chapter likewise has a similar Constitution and Bylaws (NASPPR, 1994).
Council unanimously amended Bylaw 14 as recommended by the Constitution and Bylaws Committee to reflect the fact that ACM no longer has an ACM Board Representative.
Retired members shall have the right to vote, to hold elective or appointive positions in the Association, and to be counted toward the representation entitlement for the Board of Directors and the Representative Assembly as provided in the Constitution and Bylaws.
Nominees for Election and Report of the ACM Nominating Committee In accordance with the Constitution and Bylaws of the Association for Computing Machinery, the Nominating Committee hereby submits the following slate of nominees for election as the Regional Representatives in each of the four regions given below.
Approval was granted subject to the review and subsequent approval of the Constitution and Bylaws Committee.