Constitutional Court

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Constitutional Court


in some foreign countries, a special agency whose sole or main function is constitutional supervision.

Unlike ordinary supreme courts, the constitutional court does not belong to the system of courts of general jurisdiction. The members of the constitutional court are either elected by the parliament (the Federal Constitutional Court in the Federal Republic of Germany) or appointed by the head of state (Austria and Cyprus). Sometimes the members of the constitutional court are appointed by the parliament or by other agencies of authority or justice; for example, in Italy an equal number of the members of the constitutional court are appointed by the president, parliament, and judiciary. In addition to carrying out constitutional supervision, the constitutional court has the right to interpret the constitution, decides whether the activities of political parties conform to the constitution, and considers disputes over jurisdiction. In practice, the activity of the constitutional court in contemporary bourgeois states is directed toward adapting the constitution in force to the needs of the ruling class as much as possible.

Constitutional courts exist in two socialist countries, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia. In Czechoslovakia there are constitutional courts of the federation as well as of the member Czech and Slovak republics. The members of the courts are elected for seven-year terms by the Federal Assembly of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and by the National Councils of the Czech and Slovak republics, respectively. In Yugoslavia the constitutional court is elected by the Federal Assembly; half the members retire every four years. The members of the constitutional courts of the constituent republics are chosen by the republic assemblies.

References in periodicals archive ?
On 17 November 2015, the Constitutional Court dismissed the Commission s application for leave to appeal.
The Venice Commission issued remarks, article by article, on the general provision of the draft institutional law of the Constitutional Court, its composition, its organisation and administration, its competence and its procedures.
Kart also criticized the inaction of the Constitutional Court with regard to Erdoy-an's violation of presidential impartiality while attempting to increase support for the Justice and Development Party (AK Party) in a way that interferes with the people's "right to vote freely, equally and justly.
Bishkek on May 11 hosted a seminar on the preparation and application of the reasoning of the decisions of the constitutional courts judges and staff of the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court.
Constitutional Court Spokesperson, Judge Ahmad Tbeishat, said the visit followed an invitation from the President of the French Constitutional Council, Jean-Louis Debre, in coordination with the French embassy.
His Highness the Amir addressed his eminent guests saying, "It is of our deepest pleasure and happiness to welcome you at your second country, on the occasion of your attendance of the Union of Arab Constitutional Courts and Councils (UACCC) meetings, hosted by Kuwait.
Constitutional Court vice-president Dr Mohammed Al Mashadani and member judges Salman Isa Seyadi, Dr Dhoha Ibrahim Al Zayani, Nawfal bin Abdulsalam Ghorbal, Ali Abdulla Al Duwaishan, Saeed Hassan Al Haiki and secretary-general Abdulhameed Ali Al Shaer attended the session.
Reflecting the strong commitment of Morocco to promote the rule of law, the Constitutional Court decides, under Article 132 of the Constitution on the regularity of the election of members of Parliament and of referendums.
Speaker of the People's Assembly Mohammad Jihad al-Laham announced, in a session on Sunday, that the Assembly received notifications from the Supreme Constitutional Court stating that Mohammad Firas Yassin Rajjouh, who is from Damascus province and was born in 1966, and Abdul-Salam Youssef Salameh, who is from Homs province and was born in 1971, submitted candidacy applications for the post of the President of the Syrian Arab Republic.
The Constitutional Court ruled that "the removal of the journalists from the gallery of the parliamentary hall occurred because the chaos and mayhem escalated and because reporters had to be protected and order to be restored.
Bulgaria's Constitutional Court was first asked to interpret article 72 of the Constitution by the Bulgarian Socialist Party (BSP).
Salim bin Mohammed Al-Kawwari, and members of the Constitutional Court on the occasion of the beginning of the new judicial year who presented to HRH the Prime Minister a special copy of the first edition of the (Constitutional Studies Magazine) issued by the Court.

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