Construction Engineering Institutes

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Construction Engineering Institutes

 

institutions that train engineers and scientific workers for various branches of construction and mechanization and automation of construction. They offer several specializations: architecture; industrial, civil, urban, and hydroengineering construction; construction and road machinery and equipment; and automation and comprehensive mechanization of construction. Construction engineers are also trained by construction departments at some polytechnic institutes, institutes of railroad transportation, and elsewhere.

In 1972 there were 26 construction engineering institutes in the USSR: the Belgorod Technological Institute of Building Materials (founded in 1970), the Volgograd Institute of Municipal Engineering (1952), the All-Union Extension Correspondence Institute (1944, in Moscow), the V. P. Chkalov Gorky Institute (1930), the A. I. Mikoyan Kuibyshev Institute (1930), the V. V. Kuibyshev Moscow Institute (1921), the V. V. Kuibyshev Novosibirsk Institute (1930), the Samarkand Institute of Architecture and Construction (1966), the Ust’-Kamenogorsk Institute of Road Construction (1958), the Kharkov Institute of Municipal Construction (1930), and the institutes in Tselinograd (1964), Brest (1966), Vilnius (1969), Voronezh (1930), Dnepropetrovsk (1930), Kazan (1946), Kiev (1930), Leningrad (founded in 1842 as the Institute of Civil Engineers), Makeevka (1972), Odessa (1930), Penza (1958), Poltava (1930), Rostov (1944), Tomsk (1952), Tiumen’ (1971), and Kharkov (1930).

Most of the construction engineering institutes have day, evening, and correspondence departments and preparatory divisions. Some have departments (divisions) and branches in other cities (for example, the All-Union Correspondence Institute has evening departments in Moscow and in the city of Liubertsy in Moscow Oblast, plus a branch in Alma-Ata).

Graduate study is offered in 18 of the institutes. The Kiev, Leningrad, Moscow, and Novosibirsk institutes have been accredited to accept candidate and doctoral dissertations for defense. The Vilnius, Volgograd, Voronezh, Gorky, Dnepropetrovsk, Odessa, Rostov, and Kharkov institutes are accredited to accept candidate dissertations only.

The period of study at the construction engineering institutes is five to six years. Graduating students who have defended their graduation projects are given appropriate specialized qualifications, such as construction engineer, hydroengineer, and mechanical engineer.

V. A. IUDIN

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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