Constructs


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Constructs

 

in linguistics, concepts about generally unobservable linguistic objects, the opposite of elementary concepts —concepts about observable objects. An example of a construct is the phoneme; an example of an elementary concept is a class of speech sounds. Constructs are used as elements in forming an abstract theoretical system (in contrast to elementary concepts.)

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
If we suppose that the ancient progenitor, the archetype as it may be called, of all mammals, had its limbs constructed on the existing general pattern, for whatever purpose they served, we can at once perceive the plain signification of the homologous construction of the limbs throughout the whole class.
Why should the sepals, petals, stamens, and pistils in any individual flower, though fitted for such widely different purposes, be all constructed on the same pattern?
In the second stage, answering to the chrysalis stage of butterflies, they have six pairs of beautifully constructed natatory legs, a pair of magnificent compound eyes, and extremely complex antennae; but they have a closed and imperfect mouth, and cannot feed: their function at this stage is, to search by their well-developed organs of sense, and to reach by their active powers of swimming, a proper place on which to become attached and to undergo their final metamorphosis.
This kiln turned out to be a failure, because it was not properly constructed or properly burned.
They installed themselves in the island, and constructed a smaller boat with the debris of the two large ones.
Seven feet higher he constructed a similar, though lighter platform to serve as roof, and from the sides of this he suspended the balance of his sailcloth for walls.
They now constructed a more secure one, in which they deposited their heaviest articles, and then descended Snake River again, and encamped just above the American Falls.
George Kelly was way ahead of his time when, in 1955, he published his two-volume magnum opus, The Psychology of Personal Constructs. This work was no less than a presentation of a whole new psychology, radically departing from the mechanistic, reductionist, and deterministic assumptions of the dominant approaches of the day.
The printer was used to create cartilage constructs that could eventually be implanted into injured patients to help re-grow cartilage in specific areas, such as the joints.
These phenomena are multi-dimensional constructs rather than relatively simpler concepts, such as pain or physiological measurements (e.g., temperature or oxygen saturation).
This is due in part to increasing specializations but also to age-old disagreements about psychology's constructs. Is psychology about consciousness, self, and information processing?
Human relations was also positively and significantly related to these same constructs as well (p<0.01, 0.01, and 0.05 respectively).