Consumption of Materials

Consumption of Materials


(material-intensiveness), one of the basic factors of the economic efficiency of social production.

The consumption of materials characterizes the expenditure in specific terms (per unit of production) of material resources (basic and auxiliary materials, fuel, energy, and depreciation of fixed assets) needed for production. The consumption of materials can be measured in cost or physical terms. The index of the consumption of materials is used in analyzing the production-economic activity of industrial enterprises and, in particular, the unit cost of production, in comparing the specific input in different sectors of industry, in applying planning methods on a large scale for material-technical resources, and in fixing wholesale prices for new production.

Within the national economy, in order to eliminate double counting, the consumption of materials must be calculated by the final product, that is, by that part of the gross national product which is the characteristic result of the social production process. Depending on the sector of production, the index number of the consumption of materials can be as low as 0.54, for the peat industry; the average for USSR industry as a whole is 0.807. The accounting of the consumption of materials is done either according to targets (MT) or according to physical data (MP). The amount by which MP exceeds MT shows the reserves in the lowering of the consumption of materials.

Decreasing the consumption of materials is highly significant for the national economy: it reduces labor input as embodied in the economized material resources, promotes the increase in production output with the same production funds, and contributes to decreased cost and increased profitability. The main ways to reduce consumption of materials include using the most economical varieties, sizes, and brands of materials, providing preliminary treatment for the materials (for example, using enriched and concentrated minerals), reducing waste in the production process (employing precise methods of casting and stamping), and designing optimum product durability.


References in periodicals archive ?
It enables an organisation to measure and monitor the consumption of materials and monitor the total cost of materials used in the plant through a flexible reporting engine which provides information in a format which can be opened in a spreadsheet application or ERP system.
47 EXPENDITURE Consumption of materials & other items 3,733.
In addition, sustainability--with a lower consumption of materials and energy as well as protection of health and the environment--remains a priority.
The estimate norm expresses the average consumption of materials, labor and the use of machinery and construction machinery, for the implementation of a unit of measure in a category of construction work (1 mc works of embankments, 1 mc concrete).
Contributors survey the evidence to find who consumes the inedible, then focus on cultural perceptions of food and non-food, human identity in consumption, pica behavior, nutritive aspects of geophagia and its biological consequences, human zinc deficiency, lime as a nutritive element, non-human primate and human consumption of materials with low nutritional value, non-foods in famine, marginalized practices such as eating garbage, cannibalism as a myth and rarity, family influence and socialization, waste products used in alcoholic beverages, and the roles of cats, insects, and snot in cultured eating.
Control your consumption of materials by standardizing your purchasing processes and using kanban signals.
The development of aeroplanes in particular had forced the reduction in size and weight of every component, and hence in the consumption of materials.
From its huge consumption of materials to its growing domestic industry, China's impact will require all auto industry participants to assess what that will mean to them.
Dr John Barrett, one of the report's authors said: 'While some good work has been done in Wales to bring about a more sustainable society, present policies will not be sufficient to reduce the consumption of materials, the production of waste and the ecological footprint to a sustainable level
Not only is consumption of materials growing, but an increasing number of suppliers for leadframes, bonding wire, mold compounds, underfill materials, liquid encapsulants and die attach materials have manufacturing facilities in China, according to the Global Semiconductor Packaging Materials Outlook, available from SEMI.
Picture more people, greater consumption of materials and resources, more connectiveness and a need to reduce poverty without destroying the environment.
Environmental issues have heavily influenced the types of data that are collected and analyzed for benchmarking, with particular emphasis on reducing the consumption of materials, water and energy, McBarron said.