Container Transport

Container Transport

 

currently the most economical type of cargo transportation. Container transport is used in domestic and international traffic. It involves the use in various types of land, sea, and air transport of removable devices known as containers. Containers may be used for any sort of cargo allowed by the rules of transport; using containers reduces the cost significantly in comparison to conventional transport.

The first container transport was used in Russia in 1889, the early 1930’s saw the appearance of universal containers for trans-porting unpacked piece cargoes by rail. A very extensive container transport system has been created in the USSR. At the beginning of the 1970’s more then 1,200 railroad stations and the overwhelming majority of sea and river ports had container facilities. More than 8,000 railroad cars, 10,000 trucks, and hundreds of seagoing ships and riverboats are used daily in container transport. More than 3,000 lifting and transporting machines are used to reload containers. Much of the container transport of the USSR is handled by express container trains, with an average daily run of more than 1,000 km. Container transit across the USSR from Japan to Western Europe and back takes no more than 13 days.

The development of container transport determines the level of technological progress in the organization of freight transport. The USSR is planning to develop cargo transport and increase its capacity by developing middle-tonnage and especially heavytonnage containers. In order to control container transport, the All-Union Association for Container and Package Cargoes (Soiuztranskonteiner) was formed in 1972 within the Ministry of Railroads of the USSR, with a wide network of peripheral enterprises.

I. P. SIVAEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Container transport in alternate moving floor (fma).
Container transport activities of HHLA's intermodal companies was up 6.
Goods vehicle Operator's Licence Jackie Robertson trading as container Transport Ltd of 40 Heald Street Liverpool L19 2LY 2L is applying for a licence to use 199 Bridge Street Birkenhead CH41 1ET as an operating centre for 2 goods vehicles and 2 trailers.
It will shorten the transport time from Finland to China from 80 to 20 days, since container transport can be transferred from ships to railways.
NewPort is a global, bulk liquid and logistics platform that specialises in tank container transport.
This unit handles up to 200 pieces per minute and provides gentle and safe container transport.
The automated guided container transport system AGV automates transport work in storage yards by leveraging software technology to help synchronize and optimize overall loading and unloading operations.
The Vostochnaya Stevedoring Co, based in the port of Vostochny, is the largest container terminal in the Far East of Russia and one of the key gateways for Russian container transport, Global Ports said in a separate statement.
For his part, head of the National Committee for Customs Clearance (NCCC) at the Council of Saudi Chamber Musaid Al-Sayyari said the Chinese company engaged in container handling exploited the situation and showed willingness to raise container transport fees in Riyadh and Dammam.
The CMA-CGM Group is specialised in container transport by sea, as well as logistics and tourism.
1830: Container transport was introduced by Pickfords, the carriers, in an agreement with the Liverpool & Manchester Railway Company.

Full browser ?