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container

a. a large cargo-carrying standard-sized container that can be loaded from one mode of transport to another
b. (as modifier): a container port
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Container

 

a standard enclosure serving for the unpackaged transfer of goods by various means of transport. The container is a removable component (body) of transportation vehicles (trucks, railroad cars, ships, airplanes), adapted for mechanized loading, unloading, and reloading from one type of transportation to another. The dimensions and capacity of the container correspond to the carrying capacity and dimensions of the transport vehicles.

The first containers in the world were used in Russia in 1889. Containers are widely used in the USSR and abroad, because they permit the creation of a system of handling cargoes by various types of transport.

Containers are classified according to their use into universal, specialized, and special types. Universal containers can be used for carrying any cargoes in various packaging; specialized containers are for piece cargoes, bulk cargoes, and liquids (for example, building materials, chemical substances, and foodstuffs); special containers are used only for certain cargoes transported under special conditions (for example, in space or under water). Containers come with a capacity (payload) of 1.25, 2.5, 5,10,20, and 30 tons. The 5-ton containers are very widely utilized, as they correspond most closely to the carrying capacity of the basic cargo-lifting machines and transportation vehicles and are economical and convenient to use. The creation of containers with special clamps, or spreaders, is being considered. The basic requirements of all containers are that they protect the cargoes and fully use the carrying capacity of the transport vehicles.

REFERENCES

Kontreilery i krupnotonnazhnye konteinery. Moscow, 1962.
Deribas, A. T., and L. A. Kogan. “Konteinernye perevozki.” In Vzaimodeistvie raznykh vidov transporta i konteinernye perevozki. Moscow, 1971.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

container

[kən′tā·nər]
(industrial engineering)
A portable compartment of standard, uniform size, used to hold cargo for air, sea, or ground transport.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

container

(1) Any data structure that holds one or more different types of data. See metafile and OLE.

(2) A server architecture that enables multiple applications and services to run in their own isolated partitions. Containers have less overhead than the common virtual machine infrastructure, and applications launch faster. See Docker, Kubernetes, OS virtualization and virtual machine.

(3) A multimedia file format that contains digital audio and video data streams that have been compressed with different algorithms (codecs). The container may also hold images, subtitles and other meta-data. See codec, metadata, Matroska, MPEG, AVI and QuickTime.

(4) Software that acts as a parent program to hold and execute a set of commands or to run other software routines.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
'By next week, March 15, we have available space for empty containers. We identified already a space for empty containers in Carmona.
A committee tasked to ease pressure from container yards has been established at the Manila International Container Port (MICP) in an attempt to solve port congestion.
He said: 'There have been several issues on the transfer of containers to terminals in Kano and Kaduna, among several others and in several cases; agents are seen as major culprits in these matters.
'It is against this background that we are informing you that the minor adjustment of free periods for storage of containers at the ICDE has been approved,' she said in a notice.
According to the website of Australian firm ANL Container Hire and Sales Pty.
Software-defined container-native storage addresses the challenges with the ability to merge the storage services with the container platform like any other container service and runs on physical, virtual, public cloud and even on top of traditional storage appliances.
However, high shipping freight rates obstruct the growth of the international Shipping containers market.
Replace the lids, start the timer, and shake the containers for another five minutes.
Mr Parsons, who started his career in the merchant navy, said: "Parsons Containers has been a strong and successful brand in the North East for several years, but we have seen excellent growth recently.
2) Place two half-and-half creamers on top of the ice in each of the containers.
"The new RTGs will be able to stack containers in blocks of 6 container rows wide by 5 containers high while requiring minimal space for itself to manoeuvre around the stacked containers.

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