employment

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employment

any activity engaged in for wages or salary In sociology, there has always been a healthy scepticism about the simple equating of paid employment with work, yet in the wider society the prevailing meaning of the word is just that – so, ‘an active woman, running a house and bringing up children, is distinguished from a woman who works: that is to say, takes paid employment’ (R. Williams, 1976).

Sociologists have long been aware that WAGE LABOUR, to give its technical name, is only a particular form of work, gaining its centrality and definition from the specific set of productive relations which occurs within capitalist, market-exchange economies. Work, in such societies, is identified with employment, which involves ‘the sale and purchase of labour power as a commodity in a market, resulting in the direction of activity during “working hours” by persons who have acquired the right to do so by virtue of the labour contract’ (Purcell, 1986). See also PRODUCTIVE AND UNPRODUCTIVE LABOUR, LABOUR THEORY OF VALUE, SOCIOLOGY OF WORK, PRIVATE AND PUBLIC SPHERES, DOMESTIC LABOUR.

References in periodicals archive ?
Bundling contract labor with sanitation chemicals puts the power into the hands of the labor company and leaves you in the dark.
The next principal question that stands for clarity in the context is whether the Trade Unions Act, 1926 enables the contract labor to form a trade union and register it?
Katherine Coman, writing immediately after the end of the contract labor system, noted that the apprenticeship portion of the Act--which allows minors to bind themselves to masters--closely resembled that of Massachusetts, (49) and more recent scholars have accepted her view that the language was borrowed from that state's statute.
Hospitals rely on premium contract labor or paying overtime rates to current employees to compensate for high turnover and vacancy rates.
Atlanta-based TALENThire's on-demand platform manages workforce acquisition and labor services spend, including contract labor and statement of work projects, for companies.
Contract labor and subcontractor agreements aren't only a state concern.
Prohibition of alien contract labor had virtually no effect, however, because hardly any immigrants actually came under contract.
Other amendments relate to the change in the Factories Act regarding the applicability of the Contract Labor Act, 1970 to establishments by raising the limit of number of workers to 20 and 40 with or without power up from the present 10 and 20 workers.
One way to answer these questions is to periodically review your labor contracts--particularly for IT functions, which is generally one of the largest buckets of contract labor as well as the most expensive.
[129] Unlike the Mann Act which rested on the commerce clause, state legislators modeled local white slave traffic acts on contract labor laws.
She reminds us that modern slavery followed over a century of experimentation with other forms of labor dependency from indentured servitude to imported contract labor, stressing the "piecemeal" development of African American enslavement in the South following the 1660s.