Contract of Employment

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Contract of Employment


under Soviet law, an agreement between a worker and an enterprise, institution, or organization, according to which the worker is obligated to work in a given job (specialty, qualification, or function) and to adhere to the rules of the internal work order. In turn, the enterprise, institution, or organization is obligated to pay the worker a wage and to ensure the conditions of labor provided by labor legislation, the collective agreement, and the agreement between the parties. The conditions of labor, including payment, that are provided by labor legislation and the collective agreement are not worked out by the parties in a contract of employment; however, the obligation of the administration to provide these conditions derives from the contract. If the conditions of a contract of employment worsen the position of the employee in comparison with or in contradiction of standards specified in labor legislation, the contract is void.

A contract of employment may be concluded for an indefinite term, for a definite term not exceeding three years, or for the period needed to complete a specific job. This is usually determined by direct agreement between the employee and the manager of the enterprise or institution.

A contract of employment may be concluded in oral or written form. Hiring is formalized by an order or instruction of the management presented to the employee for his signature.

A contract of employment providing for work of an indefinite period may be dissolved by the employee on the condition that he give one month’s written notice. On the initiative of the management, a contract of employment may be dissolved only in cases specified by law and only with the consent of the local, factory, or plant committee.

In capitalist countries a labor contract is legally a contract of personal hiring, but in economic terms it is a contract of forced sale of man power by an employee to a capitalist.


Smoliarchuk, V. I. Sotsialisticheskii trudovoi dogovor. Moscow, 1974.
References in periodicals archive ?
There are a number of clauses that may be included in a contract of employment, depending on the nature of the job and the needs of the organisation.
Do you know of any case where a contract of employment has been called into question?
The Court had earlier dismissed a retaliatory discharge claim on summary judgment, but denied summary judgment to both sides on the remaining claims, finding that there were disputed issues of fact concerning the timing and adequacy of notice given by the plaintiff to CVS about his absences, and whether CVS had breached any implied contract of employment.
For safety, make clear in employment applications that any employment relationship is not a contract of employment.
3) At the request of the Employer Contractor shall submit evidence of employment of persons under a contract of employment.
The notice that an employee should give her/his employer before resigning should be in the written contract of employment.
He has been here about six months and he has now claimed that we have breached his statutory rights by not providing him with a written contract of employment.
Their activities, as servants of God, were dictated by conscience rather than a contract of employment.
MY contract of employment states that my working hours are 39 a week.
Workers may be expected to travel to suit each new job, but this is usually clearly specified in their contract of employment.
ISN'T it about time your excellent Sunday newspaper severed the contract of employment of your so-called reporter Roger Skidmore