Contract of Employment

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Related to Contract of Employment: Termination of employment
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Contract of Employment


under Soviet law, an agreement between a worker and an enterprise, institution, or organization, according to which the worker is obligated to work in a given job (specialty, qualification, or function) and to adhere to the rules of the internal work order. In turn, the enterprise, institution, or organization is obligated to pay the worker a wage and to ensure the conditions of labor provided by labor legislation, the collective agreement, and the agreement between the parties. The conditions of labor, including payment, that are provided by labor legislation and the collective agreement are not worked out by the parties in a contract of employment; however, the obligation of the administration to provide these conditions derives from the contract. If the conditions of a contract of employment worsen the position of the employee in comparison with or in contradiction of standards specified in labor legislation, the contract is void.

A contract of employment may be concluded for an indefinite term, for a definite term not exceeding three years, or for the period needed to complete a specific job. This is usually determined by direct agreement between the employee and the manager of the enterprise or institution.

A contract of employment may be concluded in oral or written form. Hiring is formalized by an order or instruction of the management presented to the employee for his signature.

A contract of employment providing for work of an indefinite period may be dissolved by the employee on the condition that he give one month’s written notice. On the initiative of the management, a contract of employment may be dissolved only in cases specified by law and only with the consent of the local, factory, or plant committee.

In capitalist countries a labor contract is legally a contract of personal hiring, but in economic terms it is a contract of forced sale of man power by an employee to a capitalist.


Smoliarchuk, V. I. Sotsialisticheskii trudovoi dogovor. Moscow, 1974.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
* Do you know what is in your contract of employment?
However the use of a disclaimer that a handbook does not constitute a written contract precludes the use of the handbook to demonstrate an implied contract of employment as disclaimers negate mutual assent.
In addition to any duty of confidentiality your employer may include what are often described as restrictive covenants, or restraint of trade clauses in your contract of employment.
The courts will only impose additional terms to the contract of employment on the basis of necessity.
For safety, make clear in employment applications that any employment relationship is not a contract of employment.
Unless one of the exceptions applies, a deduction from a worker's wages can only be lawfully made if | it is authorised by law, for example, income tax and national insurance; | it is authorised by the contract of employment; | the worker has previously given written consent to the deduction being made.
Alys says: The amount of sick pay due is normally set out in a SandrA worker's contract of employment. This can be for any amount that does not fall below the statutory sick pay (SSP) minimum.
the AOP can provide members with a specimen contract of employment, which includes clauses on holiday pay and sickness.
"It may seem incredibly obvious but resigning from any job needs thought and careful planning because once a resignation has been submitted it cannot be withdrawn unless the employer agrees to a retraction or the contract of employment allows it.
He said: "The tribunal has found the conduct of the club in forcing a player on me against my wishes represented a fundamental breach of my contract of employment. I do not believe that there is any manager in football who could have remained at the club in the light of the club's conduct."
One in five employers believe they need a qualification to draw up a contract of employment, found the survey of 1,086 small businesses carried out by You Gov.