Cost of Debt Underperformance: We expect the company to underperform on the cost of debt until at least the end of RIIO-ED1 price control period
. This is because ENW has a relatively small and long-dated debt portfolio, with the cash cost of debt largely fixed at about 4.3% for the next four years.
Similarly, the tariff control period
has been incorrectly mentioned in the order part as 11-30 years instead of 11-25 years.
For this article, Andrew Smyth, PhD and colleagues used a case-crossover approach, in which each participant (n=12,461) acted as his/her own control, to estimate odds ratios for AMI occurring within an hour of the triggers: "The case period was defined as the 1 hour before the onset of symptoms of AMI, and the control period
was defined as the same 1-hour period on the day before the onset of symptoms."
The study is an open-label trial using a repeated measures design consisting of a 12-week "lead-in period" to benchmark individual disease progression (control period
) followed by a 12-week resistance training intervention (training period).
The first 20 days were set as the control period
and the second 20 days as the intervention period.
After the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), the subjects were randomly allocated to 12 wks of either a 30-min of supervised ASE per day for 5 d x [wk.sup.-1] or a control period
followed by a 12-wk washout period.
" With regards to implementation of this order, the authority notes that the high court has permitted DIAL to charge the tariff applicable for the first control period
till AERAAT decides on the appeals filed by DIAL and the high court has indicated a timeframe for Airports Economic Regulatory Authority Appellate Tribunal ( AERAAT) to dispose the appeals.
But Matheson said the mandatory control period
would be part of the sentence given to the prisoner and he was "minded for a minimum period of six months".
One epidemiologic approach used in an attempt to quantify the risk of injury associated with alcohol use is to compare, in a sample experiencing an injury, the amount consumed over a period of fixed length prior to injury to the same individuals' consumption during a single control period
of similar duration in which an injury did not occur.
It is estimated that during the price control period
, total expenditure will be PS27bn across all companies, of which about PS13bn is for networK investment specifically.
The Command Paper contains some clear commitments, including: This moves road funding a step closer to the model in the rail industry, where Government priorities and minimum funding is set out for 5 year control periods
. In addition, the regulator, the ORR, undertakes extensive consultation with stakeholders on Network Rail's targets for each control period
, including access charges; a similar 'consultative' approach for roads could form part of the role of the 'motorists champion' also announced today.
Part of this process is the introduction of a licence-based regime similar to that of other economic regulators, which the CAA expects to begin at the end of the current price control period