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(US), sanitarium
1. an institution for the medical care and recuperation of persons who are chronically ill
2. a health resort
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the primary institution that provides sanatorium and health resort treatment. There are sanatoriums for adults, children, and teen-agers, as well as for parents and their children. In the USSR, tuberculosis sanatoriums and children’s sanatoriums are administered by public health agencies; all others are administered by trade unions.

The specialization of a health resort sanatorium depends on the available therapeutic facilities. Nonhealth-resort, that is, local, sanatoriums have been established for convalescents, for whom travel to a distant health resort after discharge from a hospital, or a sharp change in climate, might be harmful. Sanatoriums may specialize in treating one type of disease or two or more.

In the USSR and other socialist countries, passes to sanatoriums are available at full cost, free of charge, or with a discount paid for by social insurance. Kolkhoz and interkolkhoz sanatoriums are built and maintained by kolkhozes.

The distinctive characteristics of sanatorium buildings emerged in the last decade of the 19th century. During the first decades of the 20th century, the principles for the functional planning of sanatorium buildings and their technical equipment were worked out. Sanatorium buildings in the USSR have special areas for sleeping, giving treatments, eating, and recreation. There are also housekeeping and administration areas. The architectural planning of sanatoriums varies. Thus, in centralized sanatoriums all facilities are located in one building, in block sanatoriums different facilities are located in separate wings connected by heated passages, and in pavilion sanatoriums different facilities are located in separate buildings.

Sanatorium architecture is characterized by a maximum interrelationship with the surrounding landscape. Many are surrounded by parks. A modern type of health facility is actually a complex of sanatoriums that are completely or partially centralized, with the exception of dining rooms, which are located in each sanatorium of the complex; such architectural planning significantly increases total sanatorium capacity.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Celia Truran, nee Haddaway, pictured relaxing in the gardens of the Ropner Convalescence home in May 1945
Patients who have been stabilised at hospitals will be transferred to the convalescence home, she said, adding that the centre will provide each patient with specialists and they will be sent home only after they recover.
Last night a force insider said: "He was representing the force at a meeting of the Northern Police Convalescence Home in Harrogate when it happened.
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A prison source said: "'He has been taken to the convalescence home because there is nothing more that can be done to help him in hospital and he was taking up a bed.
Downton becomes a convalescence home for the wounded, sick and infirm, with scenes at the stately home featuring many of the amputee actors.
WHEN I was about 11 years old I was in a convalescence home in Dinsdale and an old gentleman who was also staying in the home used to take me for walks up around the RAF base at Middleton St George.
REGARDING a letter in Feedback (ECHO March 17): I was a patient at the same convalescence home which, I believe, was on Hawkshead Avenue.
After he was injured in1945 Bill spent some time at a convalescence home in Coventry, where he met his future wife Georgina (now 83) and returned in 1946 to marry her.
The cross-Border inquiry is believed to involve claims that inducements were offered in return for contracts at the Northern Police Convalescence Home in Auchterarder, Tayside.
The new series sees Downton Abbey become a convalescence home for the sick, wounded and infirm.