lily of the valley

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lily of the valley,

common name for either of the two species of Convallaria, spring-blooming perennials of the family Liliaceae (lilylily,
common name for the Liliaceae, a plant family numbering several thousand species of as many as 300 genera, widely distributed over the earth and particularly abundant in warm temperate and tropical regions.
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 family). C. majalis, the species usually in cultivation, is native to Eurasia; C. montana, a slightly larger plant, grows in the Appalachian Mts. Lilies of the valley live in shady places and have delicate bell-shaped, fragrant white flowers growing on a stalk between two shiny leaves. The plant was long used medicinally for cardiac disorders and contains poisonous substances. It is a symbol of humility in religious painting. Lily of the valley is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Liliales, family Liliaceae.

Lily of the Valley


(Convallaria), a genus of plants of the family Liliaceae. There is one species, C. majalis, with several varieties or subspecies, which are sometimes classified as independent species. The lily of the valley is an herbaceous perennial with a horizontal rootstock and two or three oblong-oval, pointed leaves with long petioles. The flower stalk, up to 20 cm tall, has a secund loose raceme of white, fragrant, bell-shaped, drooping flowers; the perianth has six lobes. The fruit is a spherical red berry. Lilies of the valley are widely found in the European USSR, the Caucasus, Eastern Siberia, and the Far East, as well as in Western Europe and North America. They grow profusely in light forests, on forest edges, and in shrub thickets.

The species C. majalis is used as a medicinal plant. Its above-ground parts contain cardiac glycosides (chiefly convallatoxin and convallarin), which intensify the contractile activity of the heart. An infusion of the plant is used, as well as the crystalline glycoside convallotoxin and corglykon, an extract containing all the glycosides of the lily of the valley. It is cultivated as an ornamental, chiefly for forcing, but also in gardens and parks. Cultivated forms of C. majalis are large and multiflowered. Some varieties have pinkish or double flowers, and some have mottled leaves.


lily of the valley

of Finland. [Flower Symbolism: WB, 7: 264]

lily of the valley

a small liliaceous plant, Convallaria majalis, of Eurasia and North America cultivated as a garden plant, having two long oval leaves and spikes of white bell-shaped flowers
References in periodicals archive ?
Botanically it is convallaria, from the Latin convallis, a valley, referring to one of its natural habitats, and it is a member of the lily family.
Isolation and Characterization of a Centrin Multigene FamilyAssociated with the Contractile Cytoskeleton of Vorticella convallaria.
convallaria protein preparations from whole cell lysates were isolated using Tri Reagent (Molecular Research Center, Inc.
convallaria cells were fixed in 2% paraformaldehyde, 0.
Vorticella convallaria cells were grown in a bacteria-containing medium of boiled wheat grass according to the methods of Vacchiano et al.
FOR DEEP MOIST SHADE: Brunera macrophylla, a foot high, herbaceous, bright blue flowers; Lamium (dead nettle), 4in, trailing, magenta flower; Tiarella cordifolia, 6in, creamy-white spikes; Convallaria (Lily of the Valley), fragrant bell-shaped white flowers.
Good varieties include Convallaria majalis 'Hardwick Hall', with its white fragrant bells, and 'Albostriata', which has creamy white variegated leaves.
Seed size variation and its effect on germination and seedling performance in the clonal herb Convallaria majalis.
00) also presents an interesting opportunity, this time at better odds, in the shape of Convallaria, who rattled home over this course and distance last time when wearing a tongue tie for the first time.
We are offering 25 Convallaria majalis for pounds 9.
For something a bit different try convallaria majalis rosea, the pink-flowered form.