Cooling tower makeup water

Cooling tower makeup water

The water added to a cooling tower to replace water lost to evaporation or blow-down.
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* Condensate recovery ranges from 5% to 15% of the required volume of cooling tower makeup water for typical commercial buildings.
The first is water closet and urinal supplementation and the second is cooling tower makeup water usage.
Baseline Water Flow Requirements Fixture Energy Policy Act of 1992 Flow Requirement Water closets, gpf (lpf) 1.6 (6.1) Urinals, gpf (lpf) 1.0 (3.8) Showerheads, gpm * (lps) 2.5 (0.16) Faucets, gpm * (lps) 2.5 (0.16) Replacement aerators, gpm * (lps) 2.5 (0.16) Metering faucets, gal/cy (l/cy) 0.25 (0.95) * At flowing water pressure of 80 psig (552 kPa) Cooling Tower Makeup Water Usage.
In most applications, so far at UGA, the condensate is ultimately delivered to a cooling tower sump or a collection cistern that is used for cooling tower makeup water or building internal use.
Costs enter the system with the steam supply, cooling tower makeup water, and with electricity used in pumps and fans.