Cooper, Leon

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cooper, Leon


Born Feb. 28, 1930, in New York. American theoretical physicist.

Cooper graduated from Columbia University in 1951. In 1954–55 he worked at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton, and from 1955 to 1957, under J. Bardeen at the University of Illinois. Since 1958 he has been at Brown University, Providence, R. I.

In 1972, Cooper was awarded a Nobel Prize (together with Bardeen and J. R. Shrieffer) for developing the microscopic theory of superconductivity, which is based on Cooper’s hypothesis of the possible formation of Cooper pairs in a superconductor (seeCOOPER EFFECT).


“Bound Electron Pairs in a Degenerate Fermi Gas.” Phys. Rev., 1956, vol. 104, p. 1189.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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