Cooper, Leon N.

Cooper, Leon N. (Neil)

(1930–  ) physicist; born in New York City. At the University of Illinois (1955–57), he collaborated with Bardeen and Schrieffer to develop the BCS theory of superconductivity, which won the three scientists the 1972 Nobel Prize in physics. He moved to Brown University (1958), where he predicted the low-temperature pairing of electrons now known as Cooper pairs. His later investigations include research on memory organization in the brain.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.