Copperheads


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Copperheads,

in the American Civil War, a reproachful term for those Northerners sympathetic to the South, mostly Democrats outspoken in their opposition to the Lincoln administration. They were especially strong in Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio, where Clement L. VallandighamVallandigham, Clement Laird
, 1820–71, American political leader, leader of the Copperheads in the Civil War, b. New Lisbon (now Lisbon), Ohio. He became (1842) a lawyer, was elected to the Ohio legislature (1845, 1846), and was editor (1847–49) of the Dayton
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 was their leader. The Knights of the Golden CircleKnights of the Golden Circle,
secret order of Southern sympathizers in the North during the Civil War. Its members were known as Copperheads. Dr. George W. L. Bickley, a Virginian who had moved to Ohio, organized the first "castle," or local branch, in Cincinnati in 1854 and
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 was a Copperhead secret society. The term was often applied indiscriminately to all Democrats who opposed the administration. It afforded an opportunity for impugning the loyalty of those who opposed Lincoln's policies, either military or civil (e.g., the suspension of habeas corpus), and it was not until years after the Civil War that the Democratic party succeeded in living down the association.

Bibliography

See W. Gray, The Hidden Civil War (1942); F. L. Klement, The Copperheads in the Middle West (1960).

References in periodicals archive ?
Copperhead snakes bite more people in than any other snake species in the United States, according to the (http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/gaston/Pests/reptiles/copperhead.htm) North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension Service .
Last issue Investigate broke the story that New Zealand has an undetected colony of venomous Australian Copperhead snakes in the remote wilderness of abandoned South Island gold mines.
The PGA TOUR and the tournament's host organization, Copperhead Charities, also announced that BB&T Corporation, a leading financial services holding company headquartered in Winston-Salem, NC, has signed a four-year agreement to become the tournament's local presenting sponsor.
"Copperhead" opens in 1862 to six boys traipsing across a field and talking about a distant war.
At rural churches located chiefly in Appalachia, practitioners engage in handling venomous reptiles, such as rattlesnakes and copperheads. Some also consume poison.
State herpetologist Pete Mirick notes copperheads have never killed anyone.
Indeed, while Copperheads, 1990-92, the earliest work on view at the Fogg, clearly takes up the unstable notion of "exchange value" (its volatility underscored during the moment of the work's conception--the late 1980s and early '90s), it also offers unexpected visual surplus, available only up close.
It turns out that the peculiarly American term for interracial marriage, "miscegenation," originated in an elaborate hoax by Copperheads designed to deny Lincoln the election in 1864.
IDENTIFICATION OF SELECTED BACTERIAL PATHOGENS FROM THE VENOM AND ORAL CAVITIES OF AGKISTRODON CONTORTRIX MOKASEN AND AGKISTRODON CONTORTRIX CONTORTRIX, NORTHERN AND SOUTHERN COPPERHEADS. Daniel R.
"I was too spooked to get close to those snakes - huge copperheads and rattlers, big wads of them."
They call it Snake Road, a gravel lane through southern Illinois' Shawnee National Forest, where each spring and fall automobile traffic is prohibited to ensure the safe passage of timber rattlers, water moccasins, and copperheads. The two-and-a-half mile road in Union County is the only road in the country closed by the Forest Service to protect migrating snakes.