Coppers


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Coppers

 

a group of closely related butterfly genera (Lycaena, Heodes, and Thersamonia) of the family Lycaenidae. In the past such insects were regarded as belonging to a single genus, Chrysophanus. The wings are red-gold or, less commonly, brown or light blue. The caterpillars, which resemble wood lice in shape, feed on the leaves of herbaceous plants of the families Polygonaceae and Leguminosae. The insects are distributed mainly in Europe and Asia. Of the approximately 20 species occurring in the USSR, many are found only in the high meadows of Middle Asia and Transcaucasia. The two most common species are Heodes virgaureae and Lycaena phlaeas. The former has a wingspread of 30–35 mm and flies from June to August. The caterpillars feed on sorrel. The species is distributed in meadows in the forest zone of Europe and Asia. L. phlaeas has a wingspread of 25–30 mm. There are two generations: the first generation of butterflies flies in May and June, and the second in July and August. The caterpillars develop on sorrel and marjoram. The species is distributed in the northern hemisphere (except the far north).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
"But this copper man," continued Dorothy, looking at it with big eyes, "is not alive at all, and I wonder what it was made for, and why it was locked up in this queer place."
Dorothy stepped inside the little room to get a back view of the copper man, and in this way discovered a printed card that hung between his shoulders, it being suspended from a small copper peg at the back of his neck.
'She is never to be seen at all!' they told him; 'she lives in a great copper castle, surrounded by many walls and towers!
If he rubbed once, the dog that sat on the chest of copper appeared; if he rubbed twice, there came the dog that watched over the silver chest; and if he rubbed three times, the one that guarded the gold appeared.
THE BYSTANDER [inept at definition] It's a--well, it's a copper's nark, as you might say.
Wingrave at that time was the possessor of six thousand shares in the Royal Hardwell Copper Mine, which had cost him, on an average, two dollars twenty-five.
So, for want of better, I talked to myself; I declaimed in the copper box which covered my head, thereby expending more air in vain words than was perhaps wise.
There was something so natural and winning in Clara's resigned way of looking at these stores in detail, as Herbert pointed them out, - and something so confiding, loving, and innocent, in her modest manner of yielding herself to Herbert's embracing arm - and something so gentle in her, so much needing protection on Mill Pond Bank, by Chinks's Basin, and the Old Green Copper Rope-Walk, with Old Barley growling in the beam - that I would not have undone the engagement between her and Herbert, for all the money in the pocket-book I had never opened.
"I will make no medicine," he said, "until I have the goats and the mat and the copper wire."
"For two days after my arrival at the Copper Beeches my life was very quiet; on the third, Mrs.
The problem, therefore, was either to make steel wire a better conductor, or to produce a copper wire that would be strong enough.
Then he unlocked the copper chest and lifted the lid, and Dorothy saw it was full of shining tools of all sorts and shapes.