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Related to Copula verb: intransitive verb

linking verb

Linking verbs (also known as copulas or copular verbs) are used to describe the state of being of the subject of a clause. Unlike action verbs (also called dynamic verbs), they connect the subject to the predicate of the clause without expressing any action.
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Logic the often unexpressed link between the subject and predicate terms of a categorial proposition, as are in all men are mortal
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an auxiliary grammatical element of a compound predicate having a weakened lexical meaning and serving to express merely grammatical categories of the predicate, the lexical meaning being expressed by a nonconjugated, usually nominal, element. The verb “to be” is used as a copula in many languages. The presence of a copula may be obligatory, as in English and French; optional, as in Russian and Hungarian; determined by the type of nominal predicate, as in Swahili; or determined by the semantic character of the sentence, as in Khmer. Certain verbs besides “to be” can function as copulas; these verbs, which introduce an additional nuance to the meaning of the elements linked by the verb, include the Russian nachinat’ (“to begin”), stanovit’sia (“to become”), and delat’ (“to do,” “to make”).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The same auxiliary karmams with its original denotation 'begin' can be used with all types of predicate clauses, but in nonverbal predication the copula verb ul'ems 'be', conjugated in the present tense, is also employed to refer to the future (Budenz 1877: 75; Evsev'ev 1963: 118; Cygankin et al.
The peculiar agreement behavior of copula verbs can be represented schematically as in (48): (48) Present Tense Past Tense Copula verbs: I am I/he/she/it was you/we/they are you/we/they were he/she/it is Main verbs: I/you/we/they snore I/you/we/they/he/ she/it snored he/she/it snores
The difference is that Zoque does not have relative clauses introduced by wh-words or complementizers, and it lacks copula verbs. Non-verbal sentences are formed by adding the clitic te to the nominal predicate.
Once again this occurs with active or stative intransitive verbs and with copula verbs: (31) pina ii ki-mtu-s very be:hot do-IMPF-CONJ `I feel it's very hot.' (32) nyam way-is salt lack-CONJ `I feel that salt is lacking.' (33) alizh i-s angry be-CONJ `He is angry at me.'
What makes Yoruba particularly interesting in this context is the fact that the notion of preconstruction is also present at the level of the two copula verbs ni and je.