copula

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Related to Copula verb: intransitive verb

linking verb

Linking verbs (also known as copulas or copular verbs) are used to describe the state of being of the subject of a clause. Unlike action verbs (also called dynamic verbs), they connect the subject to the predicate of the clause without expressing any action.
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copula

Logic the often unexpressed link between the subject and predicate terms of a categorial proposition, as are in all men are mortal

Copula

 

an auxiliary grammatical element of a compound predicate having a weakened lexical meaning and serving to express merely grammatical categories of the predicate, the lexical meaning being expressed by a nonconjugated, usually nominal, element. The verb “to be” is used as a copula in many languages. The presence of a copula may be obligatory, as in English and French; optional, as in Russian and Hungarian; determined by the type of nominal predicate, as in Swahili; or determined by the semantic character of the sentence, as in Khmer. Certain verbs besides “to be” can function as copulas; these verbs, which introduce an additional nuance to the meaning of the elements linked by the verb, include the Russian nachinat’ (“to begin”), stanovit’sia (“to become”), and delat’ (“to do,” “to make”).

References in periodicals archive ?
The same auxiliary karmams with its original denotation 'begin' can be used with all types of predicate clauses, but in nonverbal predication the copula verb ul'ems 'be', conjugated in the present tense, is also employed to refer to the future (Budenz 1877: 75; Evsev'ev 1963: 118; Cygankin et al.
In example (24) an adjectival predicate construction contains a copula verb ul'at.
The peculiar agreement behavior of copula verbs can be represented schematically as in (48):
As for the copula verbs, English has three different present tense forms.
Ser and estar: Corrective input to children's errors of the Spanish copula verbs.
What makes Yoruba particularly interesting in this context is the fact that the notion of preconstruction is also present at the level of the two copula verbs ni and je.
In the following section (section 2) we shall analyze the functions of the copula verbs ni and je.