Copying Lathe

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Copying Lathe

 

a machine used for the reproduction of plane and curved surfaces from a master (template, pattern, model, or blueprint) on products made of various materials. Copying lathes are made for plane, contour, three-dimensional, and combined profiling with a mechanical, hydraulic, electric, or photoelectric servomechanism or without a servomechanism.

The main assembly of a copying lathe is a duplicating device. Copying milling machines are widely used in metalworking; lathes and milling machines are used in woodworking. Many all-purpose lathes (such as turning lathes) are also equipped with a duplicating device. Copying lathes are used in series and mass production of patterned furniture pieces, complex casting patterns, profiled cams, eccentrics, templates, and matrices.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Blanchard created the copying lathe, which led to the world's first interchangeable parts and assembly line mass production.
Designed for the hobbyist as well as the professional wood turner, the AP-2000 wood copying lathe from E & R Supply offers a variable speed electronic drive motor and cast iron construction.