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(vertebrate zoology)
An order of predominantly tropical and frequently brightly colored birds.



an order of birds. The body ranges in length from 9 (todies) to 160 cm (hornbills). The plumage is generally rough and bright, often with a metallic sheen.

There are nine families: Alcedinidae (kingfishers), Todidae (todies), Momotidae (motmots), Meropidae (bee eaters), Coraciidae (rollers; including the European roller), Leptostomatidae (one species—the cuckoo-roller—on Madagascar and the Comoro Islands), Upupidae (hoopoe), Phoeniculidae (wood-hoopoes), and Bucerotidae (hornbills). In all, there are 194 species. Eleven species, including five migratory ones, are found in the USSR. These include kingfishers, bee eaters, rollers (the broad-mouthed dollarbird and the European roller), and hoopoes.

Most species inhabit the tropics and sub tropics; a few penetrate temperate latitudes, migrating to warmer areas for the winter (except the kingfisher). The birds settle predominantly on the forest edge, but there are species that live in the steppes, semideserts, and deserts. The Coraciiformes are monogamous. Some live in flocks and settle in colonies (bee eaters). The unlined nests are constructed in closed places—in tree hollows, in rock crevices, in burrows dug into cliffs or into flat places, and, sometimes, in buildings (hoopoes). There are 1 to 9 white eggs per clutch. The hatchlings are born naked and blind and develop slowly. The birds feed on insects and other arthropods and on small vertebrates; hornbills feed mainly on fruits. Bee eaters are often considered destructive, because they eat bees.


Shul’pin, L. M. Ornitologiia. Leningrad, 1940.
Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, Vol. 5. Moscow, 1970.


References in periodicals archive ?
24[degrees]C (n 3 species) for the Coraciiformes, in particular (Prinzinger et al.
The traditional Order Coraciiformes is composed of 10 diverse avian families (Peters 1945, Howard and Moore 1991) representing >170 species, nearly all of which are tropical in distribution.
To date, the Puerto Rican Tody is the only species in the order Coraciiformes known to enter torpor; and is one of the few tropical birds known to possess this capability.
A comparison analysis performed between the newly sequenced and Coraciiformes mitochondrial genomes indicated that the genomes were similar in many respects (Arnason et al.
Base composition (%) of the sequenced Coraciiformes mitochondrial genomes.
In this study, we first discovered the rearrangement of CCR in order Coraciiformes (Fig.
3) This form of mycobacteriosis is most commonly seen in Passeriformes, Coraciiformes, and Psittaciformes.