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(vertebrate zoology)
An order of predominantly tropical and frequently brightly colored birds.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an order of birds. The body ranges in length from 9 (todies) to 160 cm (hornbills). The plumage is generally rough and bright, often with a metallic sheen.

There are nine families: Alcedinidae (kingfishers), Todidae (todies), Momotidae (motmots), Meropidae (bee eaters), Coraciidae (rollers; including the European roller), Leptostomatidae (one species—the cuckoo-roller—on Madagascar and the Comoro Islands), Upupidae (hoopoe), Phoeniculidae (wood-hoopoes), and Bucerotidae (hornbills). In all, there are 194 species. Eleven species, including five migratory ones, are found in the USSR. These include kingfishers, bee eaters, rollers (the broad-mouthed dollarbird and the European roller), and hoopoes.

Most species inhabit the tropics and sub tropics; a few penetrate temperate latitudes, migrating to warmer areas for the winter (except the kingfisher). The birds settle predominantly on the forest edge, but there are species that live in the steppes, semideserts, and deserts. The Coraciiformes are monogamous. Some live in flocks and settle in colonies (bee eaters). The unlined nests are constructed in closed places—in tree hollows, in rock crevices, in burrows dug into cliffs or into flat places, and, sometimes, in buildings (hoopoes). There are 1 to 9 white eggs per clutch. The hatchlings are born naked and blind and develop slowly. The birds feed on insects and other arthropods and on small vertebrates; hornbills feed mainly on fruits. Bee eaters are often considered destructive, because they eat bees.


Shul’pin, L. M. Ornitologiia. Leningrad, 1940.
Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, Vol. 5. Moscow, 1970.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
They are not only among the most diminutive members of the Order Coraciiformes, but also among the smallest of all birds (Plate 1).
In contrast, the active-phase [T.sub.b] of most birds is higher, averaging 41.02[degrees] [pm] 1.29[degrees]C for all birds (n = 724 species) and 40.00 [pm] 0.24[degrees]C (n 3 species) for the Coraciiformes, in particular (Prinzinger et al.
The traditional Order Coraciiformes is composed of 10 diverse avian families (Peters 1945, Howard and Moore 1991) representing >170 species, nearly all of which are tropical in distribution.
To date, the Puerto Rican Tody is the only species in the order Coraciiformes known to enter torpor; and is one of the few tropical birds known to possess this capability.
Les Caprimulgiformes et les Coraciiformes de l'[acute{E}]oc[grave{e}]ne et de L'Oligoc[grave{e}]ne des phosphorites du Quercy et description de deux genres nouveaux de Podargidac et Nyctibiidae.
Thirty seven species of 21 families belonged to order Passeriformes mainly due to the most suitable habitat conditions (Khan and Ali, 2015); and particular food presence such as insects, crustaceans, small invertebrates, arachnids and food remains from the safari visitors; plays significant role in the diversity and abundance of various bird orders such as Passeriformes, Coraciiformes and Columbiformes.
smyrnensis, Todiramphus sanctus and Upupa epops) were available (Pacheco et al., 2010; Park et al., 2015a, b; Pratt et al., 2009; Qu et al., 2016; Zou et al., 2014) in the order Coraciiformes, which comprises over 250 species (Biokids, 2016).
A comparison analysis performed between the newly sequenced and Coraciiformes mitochondrial genomes indicated that the genomes were similar in many respects (Arnason et al., 2007).
Table I.- Base composition (%) of the sequenced Coraciiformes mitochondrial genomes.
In this study, we first discovered the rearrangement of CCR in order Coraciiformes (Fig.
Coraciiformes, Columbiformes, Gruiformes and Anseriformes showed the value of H below 1 (Table III).