coral snake

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coral snake,

name for poisonous New World snakes of the same family as the Old World cobrascobra,
name for African and Asian snakes of the family Elapidae that are equipped with inflatable neck hoods. The family also includes the African mambas, the Asian kraits, the New World coral snakes and a large number of Australian snakes.
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. About 30 species inhabit Mexico, Central America, and N South America; two are found in the United States. The Eastern coral snake (Micrurus fulvius), or harlequin snake, is found in the SE United States and N Mexico. It is a burrowing snake with a small, blunt head and a cylindrical body, averaging 2 1-2 ft (75 cm) in length. The body is ringed with bands of black, red, and yellow; the tail has yellow and black rings only. The Sonoran, or Western, coral snake (Micruroides euryxanthus) is a rather rare species found in the SW United States and NW Mexico. It is about 18 in. (45 cm) long and has much broader bands of yellow than those of the Eastern species. Coral snakes can be distinguished from a number of similarly colored harmless snakes by the fact that they are the only ones with red bands touching yellow ones. The venom of coral snakes, like that of cobras, acts on the nervous system and causes paralysis; the mortality rate among humans who are bitten is high. However, coral snakes are infrequently encountered because of their burrowing habits, and they seldom bite unless handled. They feed on other snakes and on lizards. Coral snakes are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Reptilia, order Squamata, family Elapidae.

coral snake

its bite is deadly. [Zoology: NCE, 654]
References in periodicals archive ?
The neurotoxins inoculated by this coral snake belong to the group of post-synaptic acetylcholine receptor blockers.
Coralmyn[R], manufactured in Mexico with venom from the Black Banded Coral snake, has been shown to neutralize Eastern Coral snake and Texas Coral snake venom.
The coral snake genus Micrurus Wagler 1824 comprises 76 species restricted to the Western hemisphere, occupying almost all of the major biomes of the Neotropics (Roze, 1996; Campbell and Lamar, 2004).
Wyeth Pharmaceuticals, the company that provided the Eastern Coral Snake antivenom, decided several years ago to suspend manufacturing it for reasons the company has neither released nor confirmed publicly.
Evolution of coloration, urotomy and coral snake mimicry in the snakes genus Scaphiodontophis (Serpentes: Colubridae).
Coral snake mimicry: live snakes not avoided by a mammalian predator.
Every day the Aberdeen archaeologist and his Kota Mama Expedition team-mates risk bites from deadly coral snakes.
The researchers focused on predator behavior toward extremely poisonous coral snakes, noted for their ringed markings of red, black, and yellow, or red, black, and white, along with their harmless imitators, the kingsnakes.