Charlotte Corday

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Charlotte Corday
Marie-Anne Charlotte de Corday d'Armont
BirthplaceSaint-Saturnin-des-Ligneries, Écorches (in present-day Orne), Normandy, France
Known for Assassination of Jean-Paul Marat

Corday, Charlotte

(Marie Anne Charlotte Corday d'Armont) (märē` än shärlôt` kōrdā` därmôN`), 1768–93, assassin of Jean Paul MaratMarat, Jean Paul
, 1743–93, French revolutionary, b. Switzerland. He studied medicine in England, acquired some repute as a doctor in London and Paris, and wrote scientific and medical works (some in English), but was frustrated in his attempts to win official recognition
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. Although of aristocratic background, she sympathized with the GirondistsGirondists
or Girondins
, political group of moderate republicans in the French Revolution, so called because the central members were deputies of the Gironde dept. Girondist leaders advocated continental war.
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 in the French Revolution and felt that Marat, in his persecution of the Girondists, was acting as the evil genius of France. She resolved to emulate the action of Brutus and destroy the "tyrant." Leaving her native Normandy for Paris, she gained an audience with Marat by promising to betray the Girondists of Caen and stabbed him (July 13, 1793) in his bath. She was guillotined.
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Corday, Charlotte


(full name, C. Corday D’Armont). Born July 27, 1768, in St. Saturnin; died July 17, 1793, in Paris. Assassin of J.-P. Marat. From a gentry family of Normandy.

Corday fell under the influence of the Girondists, who had fled Paris and in June 1793 had organized a counterrevolutionary center in the city of Caen aimed at liquidating the Jacobin dictatorship. Corday came to Paris and gained entrance, on the pre-text of exposing the Caen conspirators, to Marat’s apartment on July 13, 1793. She stabbed the sick Marat through the heart. Corday was guillotined by order of the Revolutionary Tribunal.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.