Cantabrian Mountains

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Cantabrian Mountains

(kăntā`brēən), N Spain, extending c.300 mi (480 km) along the Bay of Biscay from the Pyrenees to Cape Finisterre. Torre de Cerredo (8,687 ft/2,648 m) in the Picos de Europa group in the central section is the highest peak. The mountains are rich in minerals, especially coal and iron; the slopes are farmed. The streams on the northern slope are used to generate hydroelectricity. The Ebro River rises on the southeast slope. The mountains are the last Iberian redoubt of the European brown bear, and most of the Picos de Europa range was converted into a national park (1995) in part to protect it.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cantabrian Mountains

 

(Cordillera Cantábrica), mountains in northern Spain. They extend along the southern shore of the Bay of Biscay. Length, about 500 km; maximum elevation, 2, 648 m (Torre de Serredo).

The northern slopes are steep, precipitously sheer in places, and deeply dissected by river valleys and canyons; in the south they are flat, turned toward the meseta. The highest, western part (with an average elevation of about 2, 000 m) is formed of Paleozoic quartzite, marble, and limestone; the eastern part (the Basque Mountains) is lower (with elevations of 1,000–1, 500 m)and consists primarily of ridges whose peaks and slopes haves softer outlines; it is formed of Mesozoic limestone, sandstone, and dolomite. Karst is widespread. There are deposits of coal, iron, and polymetallic ores. The climate is moist, especially on the northern slopes; annual precipitation amounts to more than1,000 mm. There is a dense network of fast-flowing rivers. The northern slopes have broad-leaved and mixed forests (oak, beech, chestnut, and pine); predominant in the south are ever-green and deciduous shrubs. Above 1, 600–1, 800 m are subalpine scrub and alpine meadows.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Se trata de la segunda y tercera citas provinciales y las mas occidentales de este endemismo de la Cordillera Cantabrica incluido en la Lista Roja de la Flora Vascular Espanola (VV.AA., op.
En la Peninsula Iberica vive exclusivamente en Pirineos y Cordillera Cantabrica. En esta ultima aparece en Leon, Cantabria y Asturias, siendo muy escasa.
En la Antiguedad, las dos vertientes de la Cordillera Cantabrica se diferenciaban claramente en muchos aspectos.
(2005): Nuevos datos sobre la edad del Buntsandstein de la Cordillera Cantabrica. GeoTemas, 8: 251-253.
Despite the initiation of four Regional Recovery Plans (Naves and Palomero 1993) in the early 1990s, and considerable conservation efforts (establishing reserves, conducting long-term field research, mapping and monitoring bear distribution, habitat analysis, etc.), the situation of the brown bear is still critical in the Cordillera Cantabrica (Naves 1996).
(1991) Hozarco: un ejemplo de mineralizacion de Pb-Zn-Hg de edad permica (Cordillera Cantabrica, NW de Espana).
La mayor dificultad para la circulacion de las poblaciones humanas y animales, si tenemos en cuenta que la cuenca del Nalon drena todo el sector central de la Cordillera Cantabrica, unida a la erosion de niveles de ocupacion de esta epoca, pueden explicar el aparente abandono de numerosos asentamientos durante el Magdaleniense final y Aziliense, y la drastica disminucion en el numero de niveles de ocupacion conservados en las cuevas y abrigos (Corchon, e.
Es una especie relativamente comun en Pirineos y Sierra Nevada, y rara o muy rara en la Cordillera Cantabrica, Sistema Iberico y Sistema Central.