Coriandrum


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Coriandrum

 

a genus of annual herbaceous plants of the family Umbelliferae. There are two species, native to the Mediterranean Region. One species is found in the USSR. Coriander (Coriandrum sativum) thrives in Transcaucasia, Asia Minor, the Crimea, Middle Asia, Southern Europe, North Africa, and America. In the USSR it grows in central chernozem regions, the Volga Region, the Ukraine, and the Northern Caucasus.

The stem measures up to 120 cm long, and the leaves are two or three times pinnately dissected. The white or pink flowers are in compound umbels. The globose fruits have two seeds and contain 0.2–1.4 percent essential oil and 16–28 percent fatty oil. Fragrant substances are obtained from the linalool in the essential oil (up to 75 percent), which are used in production of perfume, candy, beer, and vodka liqueur. The fatty oil has industrial uses.

The young plants are used in food as an herb. The fruits are used in pickled foods, candies, bread, and canned foods. Formerly, the fruits were used in medicine to improve digestion; however, in modern medicine Coriandrum has no significance. The oilseed meal is used as fodder. Coriandrum is nectar-bearing, producing 200 kg or more of honey per hectare (ha).

In 1972 approximately 320,000 ha of Coriandrum were planted throughout the world; in the USSR the area allotted to these plants was 160,000 ha (average yield of 8.12 centners per ha). On the leading farms the yield reaches 15–18 centners or more per hectare. The best varieties are Alekseevskii 247, Luch, and Smena.

REFERENCES

Koriandr. Edited by N. S. Palamar’ and A. A. Khotin. Moscow, 1953.
Efiromaslichnye kul’tury. Edited by A. A. Khotin and G. T. Shul’gin. Moscow, 1963.

I. A. LUK’IANOV

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Romeiro RS, Simoes AR, Muchovej JJ, Oliveira JR, Souza RM (1994) Bacterial sudden yellow death and soft rot of Coriandrum sativum.
Analysis of antibacterial and antifungal activity of crude extracts from seeds of Coriandrum sativum.
Adicies in mortarium piper, mel, mentam, alium, coriandrum viridem, caseum bubulum, sale conditum, aquam, oleum.
Coriandrum sativum (coriander) is a common herb that grows throughout much of the world.
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Basado en lo anterior, el presente trabajo plantea la evaluacion del efecto bioherbicida de extractos de Macrophyllafurcraea Baker (fique), Cyperus rotundus L (coquito), Sorghum bicolor L (sorgo) y Ruta graveolens L (ruda) sobre la germinacion de las semillas del cilantro Coriandrum sativum L y de las malezas Bidens pilosa L (papunga) y Amaranthus dubius Mart (bledo).
PRELIMINARY TEST OF THE ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF THE Allium sativum, Coriandrum sativum, Eugenia caryophyllata, Origanum vulgare, Rosmarinus officinalis AND Thymus vulgaris EXTRACTS AGAINST Clostridium Perfringens.
EVALUATION OF ESSENTIAL OILS FROM Allium sativum, Coriandrum sativum, Eugenia caryophyllata, Origanum vulgare, Rosmarinus officinalis and Thymus vulgaris AS POSSIBLE ANTIOXIDANTS AND PRESERVATIVES IN SALAMI
Salvia Salvia splendens Shasta daisy Chrysanthemum x maximum Snapdragon Antirrhinum majus Sweet alyssum Lobularia maritima TABLE 3-5 Plants That Require Dark for Germination COMMON NAME SPECIES Bachelor's buttons Centaurea cyanus Borage Borago officinalis Chinese primrose Primula sinensis Coriander Coriandrum sativum Larkspur Delphinium elatum Nemesia Nemesia strumosa Pansy Viola x wittrockiana Phlox Phlox spp.