Coriandrum


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Coriandrum

 

a genus of annual herbaceous plants of the family Umbelliferae. There are two species, native to the Mediterranean Region. One species is found in the USSR. Coriander (Coriandrum sativum) thrives in Transcaucasia, Asia Minor, the Crimea, Middle Asia, Southern Europe, North Africa, and America. In the USSR it grows in central chernozem regions, the Volga Region, the Ukraine, and the Northern Caucasus.

The stem measures up to 120 cm long, and the leaves are two or three times pinnately dissected. The white or pink flowers are in compound umbels. The globose fruits have two seeds and contain 0.2–1.4 percent essential oil and 16–28 percent fatty oil. Fragrant substances are obtained from the linalool in the essential oil (up to 75 percent), which are used in production of perfume, candy, beer, and vodka liqueur. The fatty oil has industrial uses.

The young plants are used in food as an herb. The fruits are used in pickled foods, candies, bread, and canned foods. Formerly, the fruits were used in medicine to improve digestion; however, in modern medicine Coriandrum has no significance. The oilseed meal is used as fodder. Coriandrum is nectar-bearing, producing 200 kg or more of honey per hectare (ha).

In 1972 approximately 320,000 ha of Coriandrum were planted throughout the world; in the USSR the area allotted to these plants was 160,000 ha (average yield of 8.12 centners per ha). On the leading farms the yield reaches 15–18 centners or more per hectare. The best varieties are Alekseevskii 247, Luch, and Smena.

REFERENCES

Koriandr. Edited by N. S. Palamar’ and A. A. Khotin. Moscow, 1953.
Efiromaslichnye kul’tury. Edited by A. A. Khotin and G. T. Shul’gin. Moscow, 1963.

I. A. LUK’IANOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Alternative treatment of vaginal infections-in vitro antimicrobial and toxic effects of Coriandrum sativum L.
Bettaie, Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) and its bioactive constituents, Fitoterapia, 103, 9 (2015).
The most popular medicinal plants among the inhabitants in Gampaha District include Coriandrum sativum, Cosciniumfenestratum, and Adhatoda vasica.
ETIOLOGIA DA MORTE PREMATURA DO COENTRO (Coriandrum sativum L.) EM OCOTLAN DE MORELOS, OAXACA, MEXICO, E EFEITO DE OLEOS ESSENCIAIS IN VITRO SOBRE O PATOGENO
Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth and yield of coriander (Coriandrum sativum Linn.).
fistolosum), cilantro (Coriandrum sativum) y muchas veces tomate y achiote (Bixa orellana).
The vegetable samples collected for this study were Solanum tuberosum (potato), Zingiber officinale (ginger), Allium cepa (onion), Brassica compastris (mustard), Abelmoschus esculanta (lady finger), Colocasia esculenta (taro), Coriandrum annum (coriander), Allium sativum (garlic), Spinacia oleracea (spinach), Lycopersicum esculentum (tomato), Capsicum annum (chilli), Daucus carota (carrot) and Cucumis sativus (cucumber).
Analisis proximal de semillas no comunes: palma chilena (Jubaea chilensis), cilantro (Coriandrum sativum), mora (Rubus glaucus), rosa mosqueta (Rosa aff.
All plants used in the study (Salvia officinalis, Malva sylvestris, Illicium verum, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Mentha piperita, Chamaemelum nobile, Melissa officinalis, Rhamnus Frangula, Thymus vulgaris, Plantago lanceolata, Calendula officinalis, Tilia europaea, Aloysia citrodora, Linum usitatissimum, Syzygium aromaticum, Coriandrum sativum, Cinnamomum verum, Papaver rhoeas, Aframomum, Helianthus annuus, Cuminum cyminum L., Sesamum indicum, Coffea arabica, Curcuma longa, Equisetum arvense, Hypericum perforatum, Origanum vulgare, Rosmarinus officinalis, Camellia sinensis, and Vaccinium myrtillus) were purchased from a local herbalist in La Coruna and belonged to the pharmaceutical company Soria Natural, Soria, Spain.
(2017) the soil at Nova Esperanga, a rural farming community located within the limit of Manaus, AM, Brazil, where the Coriandrum sativum (coriander) rhizosphere soil samples were collected, presents a sandy texture and at 10-20 cm depth is considered fertile.
sambac leaf [5], Rosa rugosa leaf [9], Magnolia kobus and Diospyros kaki leaves [10], Ocimum sanctum leaf [11], Aerva lanata leaf [12], Coriandrum sativum leaf [13], Phyllanthus [14], and henna leaf [15] as reducing agents in AuNPs synthesis.