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(395–387 B.C.), a war between a coalition of Greek city-states, including Thebes, Argos, Corinth, Athens, Elis, Acarnania, and Megara, and the Peloponnesian League, headed by Sparta.
The Corinthian War broke out as a result of the desire of the economically and politically developed Greek city-states to free themselves from Spartan hegemony. At first the anti-Spartan coalition was financed by Persia, which was at war with Sparta from 399. In 394 a navy built with Persian money and commanded by the Athenian Conon defeated the Spartans near Cnidus. In 394 the successes of the anti-Spartan alliance near Coronea and on the isthmus caused Persia to begin supporting Sparta out of fear that Athens would become too strong. Depletion of its finances and the incipient break-up of the alliance forced Athens to accept peace conditions dictated by Persia (387 or 386), known as the Peace of Antalcidas.
REFERENCESPozdeeva, I. “Vneshniaia politika Afin v 394–386 gg. do n.e.” Vestnik drevnei istorii, 1959, no. 1.
Cloché, P. La Politique étrangère d’Athénes de 404 à 338 avant I. C. Paris, 1934.
I. V. POZDEEVA