Coriolis, Gaspard Gustave de

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Coriolis, Gaspard Gustave de


Born May 21, 1792, in Paris; died there Sept. 19, 1843. French physicist. Member of the Paris Academy of Sciences (1836). From 1838, directed studies at the Ecole Polytechnique in Paris.

Coriolis gave the final formulation of the theory of relative motion, introducing the concepts of Coriolis force and Coriolis acceleration. Also of importance were his works devoted to the rating of machine performances and the collision of elastic spheres.


Traité de la mécanique des corps solides et du calcul de l’éffet des machines, 2nd ed. Paris, 1844.
”Sur Les Équations du mouvement relatif des systèmes des corps.” Journal de l’Ecole polytechnique, 1835, vol. 15, book 24.
In Russian translation:
Matematicheskaia teoriia iavlenii bil’iardnoiigry. Moscow, 1956.


Freiman, L. S. “K istorii dokazatel’stva teoremy Koriolisa.” Tr. In-ta istorii estestvoznaniia i tekhniki, 1956, issue 10.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.