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Related to Corneal endothelium: Corneal epithelium


The epithelial layer of cells lining the heart and vessels of the circulatory system.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a tissue found in animals and man consisting of specialized cells that line the inner surfaces of blood and lymph vessels, as well as the cavities of the heart. The endothelium is formed from the mesenchyme. It consists of a single layer of closely packed flat cells, which are usually separated from underlying tissues by a basal membrane. The endothelium of lymph vessels has no basal membrane. The cytoplasm of endothelial cells of certain capillaries may have pores that account for the permeability of the capillary wall, as, for example, in the renal glomeruli.

The endothelium of the enlarged capillaries of the blood-forming organs and the endothelium present in the liver, adrenal cortex, and certain other organs has a great capacity for phagocytosis. The endothelial cells of these organs belong to the reticuloendothelial system.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Since the decaying cells cannot regenerate, the cells enlarge to take their place and lead to change in structure of corneal endothelium.
(2009), assessing the corneal endothelium of pigs, established by SEM that most of the cells were hexagonal (61.7 [+ or -] 8.5% for the central area and 53.2 [+ or -] 7.0% for the peripheral area), with the presence of pentagonal cells (21.3 [+ or -] 5.8% and 28.9 [+ or -] 5.1% for the center and the periphery, respectively) and heptagonal cells (11.0 [+ or -] 6.4% for the center and 18.1 [+ or -] 4.8% for the periphery).
Bertolin et al., "Reconstruction and regeneration of corneal endothelium: a review on current methods and future aspects," Journal of Cell Science & Therapy, vol.
Kay et al., "The ROCK inhibitor eye drop accelerates corneal endothelium wound healing," Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, vol.
In our previous study we reported about early changes of the corneal endothelium cells in some patients after SLT [9].
Scanning electron microscopic studies of the corneal endothelium in man and monkeys.
In great horned owl and little owl this musculature is a few represented: absent in the peripheral third of iris (near the ciliary body), it is detectable as slender bundles between the layer of cross smooth muscle cells and the corneal endothelium (Fig.
It also covers the corneal endothelium. In summary, Na-HA helps in ophthalmic microsurgery by maintaining anterior chamber depth, temponading small breaks in posterior capsule, facilitates intra ocular lense (IOL) insertion, protects corneal endothelium from damage by instruments and minimizes endothelial cell loss during anterior segment surgery.
Lamellar corneal transplantation surgery allows for selective replacement of the diseased corneal endothelium [14].
OSI distributes the EndoSerter and EndoSaver corneal endothelium delivery devices used to place corneal endothelial allografts into the eye during specialized transplant procedures.
Tochikubo, "Comparison of the influence of intracameral gentamicin, gatifloxacin, and moxifloxacin on the corneal endothelium in a rabbit model," Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology, vol.
The skills of manipulating the nucleus away from the posterior capsule, iris, and the corneal endothelium are probably related to surgeon experience.

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