Codreanu, Corneliu Zelea

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Codreanu, Corneliu Zelea

(kŏrnĕ`lyo͞o zĕl`yä kôdrĕä`no͞o), 1899–1938, Romanian political leader and anti-Semitic terrorist. Active in the Romanian student movement against leftists and liberals, he founded (1927) and led the militant, fascist Iron GuardIron Guard,
Romanian nationalistic, anti-Semitic, and antiparliamentary group, founded in 1924 by Corneliu Zelea Codreanu. Originally named the Legion of the Archangel Michael, it was organized on military lines and operated through terrorism.
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 until his conviction for treason in 1938. He shot and killed the prefect of Iaşi in 1924 and instigated the murder of Premier Ion Duca in 1933. Both times he was acquitted. Shortly after his imprisonment in 1938, he and 13 of his followers were killed, allegedly while trying to escape.
References in periodicals archive ?
Armand Calinescu served as Minister of the Interior on the time when Corneliu Zelea Codreanu was arrested--April 16th, 1938; a charge which was brought to the Legionnaire leader at the time of his arrest was that of defamation of Nicolae Iorga, Corneliu Zelea Codreanu accusing the historian in a letter that he was "incorrect" and also that he was "dishonest" (Turlea, 2001: 29).
The Legiunea Arhanghelului Mihail (Legion of the Archangel Michael) or the Miscarea Legionara (Legionary movement) was launched as a far-right movement by Corneliu Zelea Codreanu in Romania on July 24, 1927.
Originally founded by Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, in 1927, as the Legion of the Archangel Michael and was led by him until his assassination in 1938.
But I faced a new surprise the following week, when, on the same TV program, the hostess was rather passive towards her guest, a militant journalist turned mercenary journalist, as he confessed his admiration for Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, the "Captain" of the Iron Guard, the far-right Orthodox terrorist organization of the pre-war years.
that Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, the main creator and promoter of the legionary ideology, also introduced into the Romanian political life, acts such as murder, urges to hate and violence and an aggressive anti-Semitism, as means of fight for the conquest of power" (T Solomovici, 09.
Shapiro's report on the Legion of the Archangel (also known as the Iron Guard) and on the work and life of its founder, Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, shows how some of the most appreciated and educated Romanian intellectuals and philosophers of the early twentieth century spewed antisemitic hatred and contempt for the Jews and Judaism, deified evil and irrationality, and had all of it done in the spirit and language of Orthodox Christianity.
4) Corneliu Zelea Codreanu fonda la Garde de Fer (Mouvement Legionnaire ou bien Legion de l'Archange Michel) en 1927.