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See P. B. Ellis, The Cornish Language and Its Literature (1974).
(also Cornish hens), a breed of chickens developed for meat production. They were developed in England in the duchy of Cornwall by crossing fighting cocks of an ancient English breed with aseels and malays. According to the color of their plumage, they are distinguished as Dark, White, and White-laced Red Cornish. The most common are those with predominantly white feathers.
Cornishes have a sharply pronounced flesh-and-fat-covered carcass. The cock weighs approximately 4.2 kg, and the hen approximately 3.3 kg. The hen lays 110–130 eggs per year. The eggs are light brown and weigh 57–58 g. Birds of the Cornish breed mature rapidly and transmit their meat-producing characteristics to succeeding generations. They are widely used for crossbreeding with egg-and-meat producers to obtain hybrid chicks that are raised for their meat. Cornish chickens are raised in Great Britain, the United States, Canada, the Netherlands, and Japan. In the USSR there are some lines of this breed on farms in the Lithuanian SSR and in several oblasts of the RSFSR, including the Moscow and Leningrad oblasts.