In addition to the iconic George Washington, Shorto's narrative focuses on Lord George Germain, the scion of a powerful aristocratic family who eventually oversaw the war in North America as British Secretary of State; Venture Smith, a Connecticut slave who bought his freedom and rose to a certain prominence as a free black landowner; Margaret Moncrieffe, daughter of a British military officer who, after a bad marriage, sought a path as an independent woman; Cornplanter
, the Seneca war chief who collaborated with the British and later resisted colonialism; and Abraham Yates, Jr., an Albany shoemaker whose self-education in law and politics allowed him to rise to local political office and challenge the powerful and wealthy families of the Hudson Valley.
Readers will learn of the yearnings for liberty in Venture Smith, a slave who purchased his own and his familyAEs freedom; Margaret Moncrieffe, a woman who left her forced marriage to fight for the British side; Abraham Yates, a shoemaker who became a lawyer; and an Iroquois leader known as Cornplanter
. The other two figures profiled are George Washington, and Lord George Germain in England.
of the Senecas," as his name appears on the title page of Legends of the Longhouse) Published in 1938, it's a compilation of letters written to "Sahnee-weh, the White Sister," Mrs.
In the American Revolution, the names of Red Jacket, Cornplanter
, and Joseph Brant (Thayendanega) became known as those of a great orator, a great war chief, and a great peacemaker respectively." He pays tribute to leaders who "stood firm for the right of the Indians to go on living as their forefathers had lived," naming Red Jacket, Metacom, Osceola, Black Hawk, and many others.
The Hatchet and The Plow: The Life and Times of Chief Cornplanter
by William W.
War chiefs 'Sayenqueraghta,' or Old Smoke, and Cornplanter
led the Seneca and were originally considered senior to Brant.
; chief warrior of the Allegany Senecas.
tells his readers, the Little People are the caretakers of plants, and to some extent, the caretakers of human beings.
, Seneca (from an address to George Washington, 1790) (135)
The largest element of the force were Indians led by the Seneca War Captains, Old Smoke and Cornplanter
. The War Captains chose a boggy ravine two miles west of the Oriskany Creek as their point of ambush.
designations of the (Seneca) Allegany, Cattaraugus, and Tonawanda Seneca communities and designate residents of the Cornplanter
Reservation as residents of the Allegany Reservation for purposes of voting and holding office.
To Chief Jesse Cornplanter
, the sound was the haunting war drums of his people killed in the Army's raid against the nation in 1779.