Coromandel Coast

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Coromandel Coast

(kŏr'əmăn`dəl), east coast of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh states, SE India, stretching more than 400 mi (644 km) from Point Calimere, opposite the northern tip of Sri Lanka to the delta of the Krishna River. Its major cities, Nagapattinam, Puducherry (Pondicherry), and Chennai (Madras), are ports. The inland coastal plain is bounded by the Eastern Ghats and includes the debouchments of the Penner, Palar, Ponnaiyar, and Kaveri rivers. The name probably stems from Cholomandalam, i.e., land of the CholaChola
, S Indian dynasty, whose kingdom was in what is now Tamil Nadu. Its chief capitals were at Kanchi (Kanchipuram) and Thanjavur (Tanjore). The Chola kingdom was one of the three of ancient Tamil tradition, but the dynasty had been virtually submerged for centuries when at
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, an empire that ruled the region from the 9th to the 12th cent.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Coromandel Coast

 

the eastern coast of peninsular India, bordering on the Bay of Bengal; located south of the lower course of the Krishna River. It belongs to India. Length, approximately 700 km; width of the low-lying coastal zone, 80–100 km. The Coromandel Coast is made up of fluvial and marine deposits, forming vast sandy beaches and spits that form barriers for lagoons. The Cauvery, Krishna, and other rivers form deltas with an area of up to 10,000 sq km. There is irrigation agriculture, rice cultivation, and coconut-tree growing. The city of Madras is located on the Coromandel Coast.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Coromandel Coast

the SE coast of India, along the Bay of Bengal, extending from Point Calimere to the mouth of the Krishna River
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005