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ceremony of crowning and anointing a sovereign on his or her accession to the throne. Although a public ceremony inaugurating a new king or chief had long existed, a new religious service was added when Europe became Christianized. The service, derived from Old Testament accounts of the anointing of SaulSaul,
first king of the ancient Hebrews. He was a Benjamite and anointed king by Samuel. Saul's territory was probably limited to the hill country of Judah and the region to the north, and his proximity to the Philistines brought him into constant conflict with them.
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 and DavidDavid,
d. c.970 B.C., king of ancient Israel (c.1010–970 B.C.), successor of Saul. The Book of First Samuel introduces him as the youngest of eight sons who is anointed king by Samuel to replace Saul, who had been deemed a failure.
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 by Samuel, helped to alter the concept of kingship, because anointment was thought to endow a prince with divine blessing and some degree of priestly (possibly even divine) character.

In England, from the coronation (973) of Edgar, the ceremony included a coronation oath, anointment, investiture, enthronement, and homage. The pageantry of the English coronation, which since 1066 has taken place in Westminster AbbeyWestminster Abbey,
originally the abbey church of a Benedictine monastery (closed in 1539) in London. One of England's most important Gothic structures, it is also a national shrine. The first church on the site is believed to date from early in the 7th cent.
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, is still that of medieval times. Kings of Scotland were crowned at SconeScone
, village, Perth and Kinross, central Scotland. Old Scone, west of the modern village of New Scone, was the repository of the Coronation Stone (see under coronation) and the coronation place of Scottish kings from Kenneth I to Charles II.
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 on the Coronation Stone, which, according to tradition, is the stone Jacob used at Bethel; it was the Lia Fail, or Stone of Destiny, of early kings of Ireland, and, taken to Scotland, was used in coronation ceremonies there. In 1296 Edward I took the stone to Westminster, where it was under the seat of the coronation chair until 1996, when it was returned to Scotland and displayed in Edinburgh Castle.

In France, Pepin the Short, first king of the Carolingian line (see CarolingiansCarolingians
, dynasty of Frankish rulers, founded in the 7th cent. by Pepin of Landen, who, as mayor of the palace, ruled the East Frankish Kingdom of Austrasia for Dagobert I.
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, was twice anointed by popes, partly to legitimize his supersession of the Merovingian dynasty (see MerovingiansMerovingians,
dynasty of Frankish kings, descended, according to tradition, from Merovech, chief of the Salian Franks, whose son was Childeric I and whose grandson was Clovis I, the founder of the Frankish monarchy.
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). Later the French coronation came to resemble the English form, which was probably introduced into France in the 10th cent. The custom whereby the Holy Roman emperor was crowned by the pope dates from the coronation of CharlemagneCharlemagne
(Charles the Great or Charles I) [O.Fr.,=Charles the great], 742?–814, emperor of the West (800–814), Carolingian king of the Franks (768–814).
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 on Christmas Day, 800. The anointing of the emperor by the pope was instituted by Louis I in 816. In 1804, Napoleon I brought Pope Pius VII to Paris to crown him in Notre Dame cathedral; but, in a famous episode, he seized the crown from the pope's hands and crowned himself.


the act or ceremony of crowning a monarch
References in periodicals archive ?
Michael Scott, Christ Church historian and current bell-ringer, said: "The ringers were determined to keep up the old traditions even though it meant them missing out on coronation parties or missing watching the event on the 'new fangled' televisions.
In 1953 British people across the country celebrated the first televised Coronation.
Coronations are organised by the Earl Marshal, a hereditary position occupied by the Duke of York A total of 8,251 guests attended the ceremony at Westminster Abbey.
IT IS 60 years since the Queen's Coronation and it is an anniversary Holmfirth is determined to celebrate.
That could open the door to Charles having a separate coronation at Scone Palace, Perthshire, using the Scottish crown jewels.
Ron Redfern of Yarm has sent this remarkably clear photograph of the residents of Windsor Road, Oxbridge in Stockton celebrating the Coronation in 1953.
9The Coronation bouquet was presented to the Queen by the Worshipful Company of Gardeners to take with her on the drive to Westminster Abbey.
The 50th anniversary Coronation celebrations are on a much smaller scale than last year's Golden Jubilee which marked the Queen's 50-year reign.
As the Queen is poised to celebrate the 50th anniversary of her coronation, Buckingham Palace has issued 50 facts about the ceremony1 For the last 900 years the crowning of the sovereign has has taken place at Westminster Abbey, as the royal church for the Palace of Westminster.
Worth and Quinten were the only Coronation Street stars to attend the service.
This is the first live webcast Coronation Street ever done, and added to the live episode screening, the Street really is celebrating with a bang