corporation tax


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corporation tax,

imposts levied by federal, state, or local governments against corporations, their income, or their peculiar attributes, such as charters, capitalization, dividends, and franchises. In the United States such taxes were brought about by the difficulty of taxing corporate bonds and stocks and by the growth of corporations beyond state bounds, with consequent difficulty of assessment and taxation. Such special state corporation taxes now include fees and licenses for incorporation or for an increase in capitalization or for filing the corporation's charter in another state; taxes on gross earnings; taxes on tonnage and financial instruments or transactions; franchise taxes; capital stock taxes; and net income taxes. In 1909 the federal government imposed an excise tax on net incomes of U.S. corporations. That tax was superseded by a corporation income taxincome tax,
assessment levied upon individual or corporate incomes. Although personal incomes were occasionally taxed in medieval Italian cities, the income tax is essentially a modern form of taxation.
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 after the Sixteenth Amendment (1913). In Great Britain in 1920 a tax was levied on corporations, including foreign companies of limited liability doing business in Great Britain, but exempting the profits of corporations receiving income from other corporations already taxed. In both the United States and Great Britain, excess profits taxexcess profits tax,
levy on any profit above a standard level. Chiefly a wartime phenomenon, it is intended to increase revenue during periods of distress and to prevent businessmen from taking unfair advantage of the increased government spending and consumer demand that
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 has generally been imposed only during wartime.

Bibliography

See S. Réamonn, The Philosophy of the Corporate Tax (1970); H. Nurnburg, Cash Movements Analysis of the Accounting for Corporate Income Taxes (1971).

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References in periodicals archive ?
"Crucially, once the non-resident corporate landlords are subject to corporation tax, rather than income tax, they will be subject to the Corporate Interest Restriction (CIR) rules.
Once again we read about another corporation apparently getting away with paying only a small percentage of corporation tax. But Google is by no means the exception.
Marks & Spencer paid PS65.4 million corporation tax last year, and PS3.3 billion in the last two decades, the newspaper found.
Marks & Spencer paid PS65.4million corporation tax last year, despite a fall in profits - and PS3.3billion in the two decades over which Amazon UK Services paid PS61.7million.
Similarly sized retailers such as Marks & Spencer, John Lewis and Dixons Carphone declare paying over 20 times as much corporation tax while shelling out more than double on staff wages.
In an analysis last month for the Institute of Welsh Affairs Mr Gwilym also made the case that the UK Government should consider lower rates of corporation tax for the poorest parts of the country.
Corporation tax is a pointless, regressive tax which should be removed altogether.
Alex Cobham, director of research at the Tax Justice Network, said that Facebook's announcement had simply confirmed that international corporation tax rules were "a mess".
The total corporation tax bill for the company - which has global profits of more than PS1bn every three months - amounted to less than a worker on the average wage would pay in income tax and national insurance.
"In the modern world corporation tax has had its day.
Global Banking News-January 4, 2016--Two banks admit to not paying UK corporation tax

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