Corps


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Corps

 

the highest combined arms unit in the ground forces of the armed forces of various states.

In Russia, corps as combined arms units appeared in the early 18th century. The flying corps, which was called the corps volant and consisted of 7,000 horse cavalrymen and 5,000 infantrymen, was formed in 1701. Five army corps were formed in the Russian Army in 1810, and their number was brought up to 11 in 1812. Cavalry and army corps appeared in the French Army in 1805 and in the Prussian Army in 1816.

By the beginning of World War I (1914–18) the armies of almost all states had army (or infantry) and cavalry corps, which were composed of two to four divisions and had a strength of up to 50,000 men. In the Red Army cavalry corps were formed in 1919 and rifle corps in 1921. In the Great Patriotic War (1941–45) the Red Army had rifle, cavalry, mechanized, tank, aviation, artillery, and airborne corps.

The present-day corps, for example the US Army corps, has a staff, corps units and subunits, various services, and from two to four or more divisions, of which one or two are armored divisions. In combat the corps forms part of the field army or acts independently.

References in periodicals archive ?
She said the workshop which was conducted simultaneously across the 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) was to strengthen the mutual capacity for the effective engagement of corps members.
Que reste-t-il de la beaute quand le corps se fane, quand le corps est traverse par les affres de la vie ou le mal incurable ?
His time in the Corps led to a career in the Army - military service isn't mandatory for Corps members, but graduates can enter the military as commissioned officers.
The Peace Corps believes that it is achieving these objectives and that the organization remains 'relevant, vital, and strong.
After an Exec Corps team helped a post that was dealing with an entirely new human resources section, the post's management officer said she had sought the corps' help because of previous positive experiences with it and corps member Zvezdan Milovanovic of the U.
From his earliest days in the corps, he's been paired with top ballerinas in top roles like Jennie Somogyi's Sugar Plum Fairy, Sofiane Sylve's Firebird, and Maria Kowroski's Lilac Fairy.
I got out of the Marine Corps in late 1992, and it took me quite a few years to normalize and adjust to civilian life.
They say the corps and other water quality agencies are allowing developers to build in the floodplain and in areas too close to the river - opening the door to flood-control issues and storm-water pollution problems.
In this 109th Congress, Lobby Corps members are going to the Hill on key "Democracy Agenda" issues, as well as other League legislative issues.
As the Corps moves forward, conduct an assessment of your involvement and summarize what type of person you are.
Regular C corps are not eligible for preferential rates, meaning capital gains can be taxed up to the maximum corporate rate of 35 percent.