Corregidor


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Corregidor

(kərĕ`gĭdôr'), historic fortified island (c.2 sq mi/5 sq km), at the entrance to Manila Bay, just off Bataan peninsula of Luzon island, the Philippines. From the days of the Spanish, Corregidor and its tiny neighboring islets—El Fraile, Caballo, and Carabao—guarded the entrance to Manila Bay, serving as an outpost for the defense of Manila. The Spanish also maintained a penal colony on Corregidor. When the Americans acquired the Philippine Islands after the Spanish-American War (1898), they elaborately strengthened those defenses. Corregidor was honeycombed with tunnels to serve as ammunition depots, and Fort Mills and Kindley Field were established. Fort Drum was built on El Fraile, Fort Hughes on Caballo, and Fort Frank on Carabao. The new fortifications were deemed so formidable that Corregidor became known as the Gibraltar of the East, or "the Rock." In the early phase of World War II, Corregidor's batteries guarded the entrance to Manila Bay—denying that splendid harbor to the Japanese for five months—and protected the flank of the large U.S.-Filipino army concentrated on Bataan peninsula. During those months Corregidor was subjected to one of the most intense continuous bombardments of the entire war. Its surface was churned to rubble, and the garrison was forced into the caves and tunnels. After the fall of Bataan, about 10,000 U.S. and Filipino troops under Lt. Gen. Jonathan M. Wainwright fought gallantly on for a month. They were hopelessly cut off from all supplies and aid. Corregidor was finally invaded early in May, 1942, and the garrison was forced to surrender. The island was recaptured in Mar., 1945, by U.S. paratroopers and shore landing parties. It is now a national shrine.

Bibliography

See J. and W. Belote, Corregidor: The Saga of a Fortress (1967).

Corregidor

 

an administrative and judicial post in Spain and its colonial possessions; it was established in the 13th century in Asturias.

The corregidor was appointed by the crown, and his principal function was the supervision of the local administrators and judges. After the conquest of Central and South America by Spain in the 16th century, districts known as corregimientos were created in all regions with a predominantly Indian population. These districts were headed by corregidors who were in charge of organizing forced Indian labor and the collection of taxes. Analogous functions were carried out by corregidors in the Philippines. The post of corregidor was abolished in the Spanish colonies in the 18th century and in Spain in 1835.

Corregidor

an island at the entrance to Manila Bay, in the Philippines: site of the defeat of American forces by the Japanese (1942) in World War II
References in periodicals archive ?
Tourism operations in Corregidor are being managed by the CFI which was created by the Philippine Tourism Authority in 1987.
De estos dos procesos diferentes y bien definidos--pero directamente relacionados--el primero es el juicio de residencia, como corresponde a un corregidor al termino de su mandato.
There were old [American] prisoners of war who had escaped Corregidor before we jumped, and they had said that there were only 300 Japs on the field.
The paucity of available evidence means that what actually happened on Corregidor remains unclear.
Segun la queja de un corregidor, los indigenas en su corregimiento pasaban los dias <<beviendo con los caciques y principales en la placa donde hazen todos los dias del mundo cavildo>>.
?Que significaba para quienes formaban el ayuntamiento la introduccion del corregidor al cuerpo capitular?
El cargo de corregidor del valle era nombrado, como aludimos anteriormente, por el duque de Frias y aglutinaba los tres valles: Soba, Ruesga, Villaverde.
Sometimes referred to as our "Alamo of World War II," the Americans and Filipino defenses fought an epic fight on Corregidor. Overwhelming Japanese forces breached our defenses, thereby reaching the island's main tunnel complex, where a thousand helplessly wounded Americans and Filipinos lay in darkness.
El caso de Adan Buenosayres se revela paradigmatico: una novela titanica que, en la reciente edicion de Navascues para la coleccion EALA de Corregidor, encuentra su version mas propicia.
Strong, "The Lean Years-2," Corregidor Historic Society, archived from the original on 23 December 2004, <http://corregidor.org/chs_lean_years/leanyear_02.htm>, accessed on 7 August 2013.
forces gradually retreating to the tiny island of Corregidor at the southern tip of Bataan.
According to a Philippine Coast Guard official, one of its vessels, the BRP Corregidor are on the way to tow the Min Long Yu and dislodge it from the reef structure.