Corregidor

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Corregidor

(kərĕ`gĭdôr'), historic fortified island (c.2 sq mi/5 sq km), at the entrance to Manila Bay, just off Bataan peninsula of Luzon island, the Philippines. From the days of the Spanish, Corregidor and its tiny neighboring islets—El Fraile, Caballo, and Carabao—guarded the entrance to Manila Bay, serving as an outpost for the defense of Manila. The Spanish also maintained a penal colony on Corregidor. When the Americans acquired the Philippine Islands after the Spanish-American War (1898), they elaborately strengthened those defenses. Corregidor was honeycombed with tunnels to serve as ammunition depots, and Fort Mills and Kindley Field were established. Fort Drum was built on El Fraile, Fort Hughes on Caballo, and Fort Frank on Carabao. The new fortifications were deemed so formidable that Corregidor became known as the Gibraltar of the East, or "the Rock." In the early phase of World War II, Corregidor's batteries guarded the entrance to Manila Bay—denying that splendid harbor to the Japanese for five months—and protected the flank of the large U.S.-Filipino army concentrated on Bataan peninsula. During those months Corregidor was subjected to one of the most intense continuous bombardments of the entire war. Its surface was churned to rubble, and the garrison was forced into the caves and tunnels. After the fall of Bataan, about 10,000 U.S. and Filipino troops under Lt. Gen. Jonathan M. Wainwright fought gallantly on for a month. They were hopelessly cut off from all supplies and aid. Corregidor was finally invaded early in May, 1942, and the garrison was forced to surrender. The island was recaptured in Mar., 1945, by U.S. paratroopers and shore landing parties. It is now a national shrine.

Bibliography

See J. and W. Belote, Corregidor: The Saga of a Fortress (1967).

Corregidor

 

an administrative and judicial post in Spain and its colonial possessions; it was established in the 13th century in Asturias.

The corregidor was appointed by the crown, and his principal function was the supervision of the local administrators and judges. After the conquest of Central and South America by Spain in the 16th century, districts known as corregimientos were created in all regions with a predominantly Indian population. These districts were headed by corregidors who were in charge of organizing forced Indian labor and the collection of taxes. Analogous functions were carried out by corregidors in the Philippines. The post of corregidor was abolished in the Spanish colonies in the 18th century and in Spain in 1835.

Corregidor

an island at the entrance to Manila Bay, in the Philippines: site of the defeat of American forces by the Japanese (1942) in World War II
References in periodicals archive ?
She recalled the 1968 Massacre of Moro recruits being trained in Corregidor Island to start a rebellion in Sabah and reclaim the oil-rich island-state from Malaysia, fired up the Moro rebellion and ensured the triumph for the recognition of Moro's self-rule.
The World War II veterans will be feted in a parade in Fort Bonifacio, Taguig City, on April 5; a tribute on Corregidor Island, Cavite, on April 7; a ceremony at Capas, Tarlac, on April 10; and a concluding sunset ceremony at the Libingan ng mga Bayani on April 11.
Accounts through the revelations of the lone survivor, Jibin Arula (who died in Trece Martirez, Cavite three years ago) said 28, or even more, Moro youth who were being trained to invade Sabah were liquidated on Corregidor Island by soldiers.
The tribute to Filipino heroes will be held on April 7 on Corregidor Island.
which is developing the Cresta Grande subdivision, a 21-hectare sea view promontory parcel overlooking the China Sea and Corregidor Island.
Among those are the Hospicio de San Jose complex at the Isla de Convalescencia in Manila; the old Rizal Provincial Capitol in Santa Rosa barangay, Pasig City; the ruins of Corregidor Island in Cavite; and the fortress church and heritage houses of Boac in Marinduque.
On Sunday, a Navy ship conducted customary meeting procedures with the Sahyadri in the vicinity of Corregidor Island to escort her to her designated berthing area at the Pier 15.
The broad-based group AllOutPeace, Anak Mindanao Party List, and representatives from the government peace panel on Wednesday traveled to Corregidor Island in Manila Bay to launch the Mindanao Garden of Peace on Corregidor and the historical marker commemorating the Jabidah Massacre that took place on the island almost five decades ago.
In case of a mandatory repatriation of OFWs working in Ebolaaffected countries, the President said the government might consider Corregidor Island as another place for quarantine.
He added that the challenges were originally scheduled to take place in Corregidor Island for three straight days but were later moved to historic sites in the City of Manila so others could appreciate it.